Definition of alanine in English:

alanine

noun

mass nounBiochemistry
  • An amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins.

    • ‘All of these silks are composed of protein chains in which the amino acids glycine, alanine, and serine dominate.’
    • ‘They look like alanine molecules, or amino acids, or like chloroform.’
    • ‘Other examples of amino acids are alanine, leucine, cysteine, arginine, and tryptophan.’
    • ‘Also, a combination of the amino acids glycine, alanine and glutamic acid can relieve symptoms of prostatitis.’
    • ‘The neutral amino acids alanine, threonine and valine accumulated in the vesicles by factors of 30-50.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: coined in German as Alanin, from aldehyde + -an (for ease of pronunciation) + -ine.

Pronunciation

alanine

/ˈaləniːn/