Definition of alabarch in English:

alabarch

noun

Ancient History
  • (The title of) the chief magistrate of the Jews at Alexandria under the Ptolemies and Romans.

Origin

Mid 17th century. From classical Latin alabarches, variant with dissimilation (in MSS and editions; compare Hellenistic Greek ἀλαβάρχης (Josephus)) of arabarches ruler of Arabs (Cicero), official in charge of customs, especially in Egypt (Juvenal) from Hellenistic Greek ἀραβάρχης from ancient Greek Ἄραβ-, Ἄραψ + -αρχης.

Pronunciation

alabarch

/ˈaləbɑːk/