One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A phoneme which combines a plosive with an immediately following fricative or spirant sharing the same place of articulation, e.g. ch as in chair and j as in jar.
- ‘The sounds that agree in voicing comprise stops, fricatives, and affricates.’
- ‘If there is a substantial lag between the release of the closure of a stop or the end of the frication of an affricate, and the onset of voicing in the vowel, it is said to be aspirated.’
- ‘We can note, for instance, the general avoidance of fricatives and affricates in pidgin phonological inventories.’
- ‘Mandarin Chinese has just two series of stops and affricates, one aspirated, the other unaspirated.’
- ‘For example, the aspirated series of stops and affricates are written by adding a horizontal stroke to the letters for the plain series.’
Late 19th century: from Latin affricatus, past participle of affricare, from ad- ‘to’ + fricare ‘to rub’.
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