Definition of affricate in English:

affricate

noun

Phonetics
  • A phoneme which combines a plosive with an immediately following fricative or spirant sharing the same place of articulation, e.g. ch as in chair and j as in jar.

    • ‘We can note, for instance, the general avoidance of fricatives and affricates in pidgin phonological inventories.’
    • ‘Mandarin Chinese has just two series of stops and affricates, one aspirated, the other unaspirated.’
    • ‘For example, the aspirated series of stops and affricates are written by adding a horizontal stroke to the letters for the plain series.’
    • ‘If there is a substantial lag between the release of the closure of a stop or the end of the frication of an affricate, and the onset of voicing in the vowel, it is said to be aspirated.’
    • ‘The sounds that agree in voicing comprise stops, fricatives, and affricates.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from Latin affricatus, past participle of affricare, from ad- to + fricare to rub.

Pronunciation:

affricate

/ˈafrɪkət/