Definition of affluent in English:



  • 1(especially of a group or area) having a great deal of money; wealthy.

    ‘the affluent societies of the western world’
    • ‘While affluent regions and social classes struggle with surplus production and surplus consumption, close to one fifth of the global population lives in constant under-nourishment.’
    • ‘However, a more complicated picture emerges from the affluent areas of the cities that were compared.’
    • ‘And the system will not just be analysing deprived areas but also anti-social behaviour in affluent areas as well.’
    • ‘They made jeans with holes in them when the more affluent groups got involved.’
    • ‘Yet slowly but surely, cancer, already the second highest cause of mortality in affluent nations, is becoming a priority health problem in developing countries.’
    • ‘Differences in life expectancy between socioeconomic groups have widened, mainly as a result of faster rates of improvement in affluent groups.’
    • ‘If their land had become part of the city, they'd have faced the high property taxes used to cover social services in less affluent areas.’
    • ‘These are very affluent areas with over twice as many people as average earning in excess of £40,000 per annum.’
    • ‘The Government wants to redistribute wealth from more affluent areas in the south to deprived parts in the north of the country.’
    • ‘The most affluent people surveyed were around 20% more likely to recognise cancer symptoms than people from poorer backgrounds.’
    • ‘Oddly enough, the advertisers deny they are specifically targeting gay consumers, one of society's most affluent groups.’
    • ‘The best health was enjoyed by those people who reported less stress in their lives, people under the age of 55 and those living in affluent areas.’
    • ‘Schools in more affluent areas and fee paying schools are more likely to have students whose parents can and will pay a lot of money for grinds and revision courses.’
    • ‘He said land in affluent areas was generally much more expensive.’
    • ‘In this case, surely money couldn't have been an issue, given that they are both in well paid jobs and live in an affluent area.’
    • ‘Statistics prove that people living in deprived areas are less likely to use medical services than those living in more affluent areas.’
    • ‘It is clear that by continuing to recruit disproportionately from the more affluent groups in society, higher education is exacerbating social class divides.’
    • ‘It's a very affluent area and I like pretending I live there!’
    • ‘The company also ‘could not afford the rents in some of the more affluent areas.’’
    • ‘It is situated in one of the less affluent areas of the town, where local residents, including many older people, are not easily able to reach the town centre office.’
    wealthy, rich, prosperous, opulent, well off, moneyed, cash rich, with deep pockets, well-to-do, comfortable
    View synonyms
  • 2archaic (of water) flowing freely or in great quantity.

    • ‘He replied that the water was affluent and that they had not reviewed this in detail.’


  • A tributary stream.

    • ‘The chief commerce is in silk, which is carried on along the River and its numerous affluents and canals.’
    • ‘About 60 miles higher up in the course of the Nile, there is another large affluent from the west.’
    • ‘All the large affluents of the Amazonas, which drain the great plains, are navigable to a considerable extent.’
    • ‘It is a broad valley with a marked northern edge, cut, it is true, by wide affluents.’
    • ‘On reaching the bottom, what was our surprise and disgust to find ourselves landed on the high muddy bank of a wide, rapidly flowing affluent of the Great River.’


Late Middle English (in affluent (sense 2 of the adjective)): via Old French from Latin affluent- ‘flowing towards, flowing freely’, from the verb affluere, from ad- ‘to’ + fluere ‘to flow’.