One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition.‘the importance of sunlight in the aetiology of melanoma’count noun ‘a group of distinct diseases with different aetiologies’
- ‘The authors note that acute MIs in their two study groups probably have different etiologies.’
- ‘DNA samples from 195 children with chronic lung disease of unknown etiology were analyzed.’
- ‘The differential diagnosis and underlying etiologies are listed in Table 1.’
- ‘A variety of etiologies accounted for the condition.’
- ‘The etiology of asthma is unknown, but it has been linked to occupational exposures, genetics, and environmental factors.’
- ‘Lung transplantation represents the last therapeutic option for advanced lung disease of many etiologies.’
- ‘Respiratory distress immediately after birth is common and has various aetiologies.’
- ‘Rheumatoid arthritis is a debilitating, chronic multisystem disease with an unknown etiology.’
- ‘She presented one year ago with fever, weakness, hepatitis and pneumonitis of unknown etiology.’
- ‘The term ‘chronic liver disease’ encompasses a large number of conditions having different etiologies and existing on a continuum between hepatitis infection and cirrhosis.’
- ‘The exact etiology of osteoarthritis is unknown.’
- ‘Infectious origins are suspected for many human diseases of unknown etiology, on the basis of epidemiologic and clinical features.’
- ‘In most cases, the underlying etiology is atherosclerotic disease of the arteries.’
- 1.1 The causation of diseases and disorders as a subject of investigation.
- ‘After her retirement, she took up the challenge to understand the etiology of bipolar disorder.’
- ‘The etiology of most anxiety disorders, although not fully understood, has come into sharper focus in the last decade.’
- ‘The etiology of these lesions has been under investigation for decades.’
- ‘The study is a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the aetiology of major chronic diseases.’
- ‘The etiology, natural history, and optimal treatment of respiratory failure have been the subject of active investigation for over 100 years.’
- ‘Study findings have sparked research on the etiology of acute salpingitis, new approaches to treatment, and the immunopathogenesis of C. trachomatis infection in women.’
- ‘The viral etiology of measles- or rubella-like illnesses after MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccination was studied prospectively in 993 acutely ill Finnish children with fever and rash in 1983-1995.’
- ‘This article reviews the epidemiology, etiology, and diagnosis of seizure disorders in the elderly.’
- ‘As well, information about the prevalence, etiology, and treatment of disorders in Canada provides a base from which comparable findings from other countries are discussed.’
- ‘Research in disease aetiology has shifted towards investigating genetic causes, powered by the human genome project.’
- ‘Our conclusions may be helpful in the further investigation of etiology, diagnosis, and therapy for MCS.’
- ‘Researchers study etiology in order to develop more effective approaches to treatment and, ultimately, prevention.’
- ‘Further research regarding the etiology, natural history, pathophysiology, and treatment of subclinical hyperthyroidism is warranted.’
2The investigation or attribution of the cause or reason for something, often expressed in terms of historical or mythical explanation.
- ‘There are several explanations for the etiology of pressure damage.’
- ‘Aristotle displays some hesitation in his discussion of desire and its relation to practical reason in the aetiology of animal action.’
- ‘Whatever the etiology of this success for Harvard University Press, Hardt and Negri have evidently hit upon what people want to hear.’
- ‘Al Qaeda's etiology and appeal cannot, as is sometimes argued, be reduced to American support for Israel.’
- ‘Their etiology and teleology are explicable within a moral and historical paradigm.’
- ‘No single ‘explanation’, no minimalist aetiology, can catch the richness and multivalence of the event.’
- ‘As to the etiology of this state of spiritual decline, many historical factors can be held responsible.’
- ‘Siegel further highlighted the role of abuse in the etiology of female crime in an investigation of women survivors of childhood sexual abuse.’
- ‘We must assess individual tolerances for maltreatment, etiologies and reasons for enduring perpetration of abuse.’
Mid 16th century: via medieval Latin from Greek aitiologia, from aitia ‘a cause’ + -logia (see -logy).
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