Definition of adrenal in English:

adrenal

adjective

  • Relating to or denoting a pair of ductless glands situated above the kidneys. Each consists of a core region (adrenal medulla) secreting adrenaline and noradrenaline, and an outer region (adrenal cortex) secreting corticosteroids.

    ‘adrenal function was normal in this group of patients’
    • ‘The adrenal glands are situated on the superior portion of each kidney.’
    • ‘Certain problems with your kidneys, adrenal glands or even a complicated pregnancy can cause high blood pressure.’
    • ‘There remains only a limited source of female sex hormones after the menopause, by conversion of androgens secreted by the adrenal cortex.’
    • ‘The pituitary gland is the ‘master’ gland, controlling the adrenal cortex and the thyroid.’
    • ‘The pituitary, in turn, tells the fetal adrenal gland to secrete more cortisol.’
    • ‘A hormone secreted by the adrenal gland that raises blood pressure by constricting arteries and increasing heart rate.’
    • ‘Due to the proximity of and propensity for renal cell carcinoma to spread to the adrenal cortex, this possibility should be excluded.’
    • ‘Other reported sites, in order of prevalence, include the bones, brain, kidneys, and adrenal glands.’
    • ‘The ultrasound was normal, but an undifferentiated mass in the region of the right adrenal gland was detected.’
    • ‘The nodules did not invade the adrenal capsule or adrenal medulla.’
    • ‘The kidney and adrenal gland were grossly unremarkable.’
    • ‘Aldosterone, a steroid hormone produced in the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, promotes renal sodium retention and potassium loss.’
    • ‘Incidental renal or adrenal masses are sometimes found during imaging for problems unrelated to the kidneys and adrenal glands.’
    • ‘Computed tomography of her abdomen showed normal adrenal glands.’
    • ‘The activity level of the major organs increases, and hormones are secreted through the adrenal gland and nervous system.’
    • ‘One, a 20 year old female, had deposits in the brain, liver, lung, bone marrow, adrenal glands, and ovaries.’
    • ‘Epinephrine is produced and released from the adrenal medulla in the kidney (ie, endogenous).’
    • ‘Prolonged adrenal suppression results in atrophy of the adrenal cortex.’
    • ‘In nonpregnant women, the main sites of progesterone biosynthesis are the ovaries and the adrenal cortices.’
    • ‘Cortisone is one of several steroid hormones secreted by the cortex (outer covering) of the adrenal gland.’

noun

  • An adrenal gland.

    • ‘Reflexologists say these areas are connected to the adrenals, pituitary glands and uterus, respectively.’
    • ‘Under prolonged stress in the modern world the adrenals and the entire endocrine system are overworked and the adrenals may eventually ‘burnout’.’
    • ‘The adrenals are the fourth most common location for metastatic disease.’
    • ‘Lung cancers often metastasize to the brain, liver, adrenals, bone, and kidneys but evaluation of these organs is usually directed by symptoms and clinical suspicion rather than by routine scanning.’
    • ‘The finding may also mean that, in severe cases, it may be more appropriate to remove the defective adrenals and administer cortisol and other adrenal hormones artificially.’
    • ‘The visible portions of the liver and adrenals were negative for metastases.’
    • ‘The liver, spleen, lungs, kidneys, thymus, adrenals, and stomach were examined histopathologically and were all found to be normal.’
    • ‘When it circulates, it affects the thyroid, adrenals, and gonads.’
    • ‘The diagnosis was revised to carcinoma of the lung with metastases to the adrenals.’
    • ‘Cadmium also accumulates in the bone, pancreas, adrenals, and placenta.’
    • ‘The adrenals are intimately involved in the stress response.’
    • ‘The lungs, bones, liver, and adrenals are the most common of metastasis.’
    • ‘The adrenals, located atop the kidneys, secrete cortisol, a hormone that protects the body in stressful situations.’
    • ‘Four patients responded despite extensive metastases to liver, brain, skin, and adrenals, with survival of 4 to 6 months.’
    • ‘Nongonadal organs, such as the adrenals and brain, may produce sex steroids.’
    • ‘To give your adrenals time to recover this function, your doctor may advise you to reduce your dosage gradually over a period of weeks or even months.’
    • ‘Because these lesions are clinically silent, chest CT scans to evaluate for lung cancer should include cuts through the adrenals.’
    • ‘The hormone from the pituitary gland that prompts the adrenals to produce steroids is called adrenocorticotropic hormone.’
    • ‘The good news was that I could allow my adrenals to replenish themselves by incorporating some quieting activities into my hectic lifestyle, such as adding yoga and gentle bicycling to my five-day exercise regimen, Steelsmith said.’
    • ‘The adrenals are triangular glands that sit atop each kidney.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from ad- + renal.

Pronunciation:

adrenal

/əˈdriːn(ə)l/