Definition of adobe in English:

adobe

Pronunciation: /əˈdəʊb//əˈdəʊbi/

noun

  • 1[mass noun] A kind of clay used as a building material:

    [as modifier] ‘adobe houses’
    • ‘In mountain villages some houses have adobe walls and thatched roofs.’
    • ‘Derek and I joined this workshop and quickly learned much about the methods and benefits of adobe building.’
    • ‘The primary building material was large adobe brick, and huge pyramids towered above the city.’
    • ‘There are palm trees and cobbled roundabouts and beautiful old adobe buildings.’
    • ‘Most notably, the Pueblo Indians in the Southwest used adobe masonry to moderate weather extremes and keep their homes comfortable.’
    • ‘They moved silently to the edge of the camp, then slowly made their way behind several mud and adobe buildings.’
    • ‘Substituting adobe clay for cement is one option for a more sustainable approach.’
    • ‘Most people live in adobe houses with thatched roofs.’
    • ‘To prevent the clay from becoming adobe brick, she dug in 15 tons of sand, 14 truckloads of composted manure, and 25 large bales of peat moss.’
    • ‘Tombstone, an easy day trip from Tucson, does however offer one vision of Arizona's pioneer days: clapboard and adobe buildings, and, of course, re-enacted gunfights.’
    • ‘The spectacular traditional-style adobe building is wonderfully remote and romantic.’
    • ‘The wrap begins with a dry brush massage before a layer of adobe clay is applied to the entire body.’
    • ‘The earthen plaster-covered adobe walls are thick enough to include built-in book-shelves, creating a small library alcove behind the kitchen.’
    • ‘Wild West history abounds in Mesilla, where adobe buildings dating to the 1800s are still in use as shops and galleries.’
    • ‘In rural areas of Latin America, adobe houses with thatched roofs are fixtures of the landscape.’
    • ‘Traditional architectural styles are found in the rural communities, with variously shaped adobe houses with thatched roofs.’
    • ‘Drake led Parker in between two adobe buildings.’
    • ‘It consists of flat-roofed adobe buildings, portions of which are thought to be among the oldest structures in North America.’
    • ‘Southwestern style homes favor stucco or adobe exteriors and orange or red tile roofs.’
    • ‘Most of the homes of poor rural people are made of local materials, with floors of packed earth, walls of adobe or wattle and daub, and roofs of clay tiles or thatch.’
    1. 1.1[count noun] A brick formed from adobe.
      • ‘Like conventional bricks, adobes are laid in a running bond - an overlapping pattern - then mortared in place with adobe mud.’
      • ‘That is not to say that it is impossible to make a good adobe without straw, but speaks of the long-standing relationship between the two materials that is as old as anyone can remember.’
      • ‘He's also introduced straw-clay bricks that can be used like lightweight adobes.’
      • ‘‘This is not beautiful, you [the Nissei and third-generation, Sansei] say / This is not what we came for. / But who knows this better/than your grandfather/who spent the years/of his internment/sealed in the adobes / at Leuppe in Arizona’.’
    2. 1.2US [count noun] A building constructed from adobe clay or bricks.
      • ‘Carol Decker puts a finger to her lips and looks beyond the adobe ruins to the sprawling expanse of flat brush-covered open ground.’
      • ‘He walked into the adobe, where a small fire was burning under a skillet of food.’
      • ‘But the predominance and thickness of the sheltering walls recalls the adobe.’
      • ‘Barry and Letty Coleman's Tucson adobe successfully combines traditional building materials and modern design.’
      • ‘The market is strong, with recently built adobes starting at around $180,000.’
      • ‘Stroll the main drag, Third Street, past restaurants and shops selling gifts and antiques, all housed in old adobes and low, false-fronted wood buildings.’
      • ‘Eastern senators extolled the peace while Senor Villa descended on the tents & adobes of the 13th Cavalry, Columbus, New Mexico’

Origin

Mid 18th century: from Spanish, from adobar to plaster, from Arabic aṭ-ṭūb, from al the + ṭūb bricks.

Pronunciation:

adobe

/əˈdəʊb//əˈdəʊbi/