Definition of adjunct in English:



  • 1A thing added to something else as a supplementary rather than an essential part.

    ‘computer technology is an adjunct to learning’
    • ‘Staff members were instructed to use this tool solely for their daily routine, as an adjunct to, rather than an alternative to, formal interpretation.’
    • ‘Users of homeopathy most commonly seek help for chronic health problems and rely on the complementary approach as an adjunct to conventional medical care.’
    • ‘Think of salads as an adjunct to, rather than a substitute for, your main meal.’
    • ‘Therefore, enzyme supplementation should be an adjunct to, not a substitute for, dietary restriction.’
    • ‘If there's a market for appliances, it is as an adjunct to PCs rather than as an alternative.’
    • ‘The right to freedom of association, including the right to form and join organizations and associations concerned with political and public affairs, is an essential adjunct to the rights protected by article 25.’
    • ‘He stressed the importance of mounting an invasion of France to relieve pressure on Soviet forces fighting in the German - Soviet war, and added that the French Riviera landings would be an essential adjunct to it.’
    • ‘By adding capacity to primary care practices, these group sessions can become an adjunct to open access scheduling.’
    • ‘Professional topical fluoride application is an adjunct to oral fluoride supplementation used for the prevention of dental caries.’
    • ‘For many men, playing the stockmarket is a profitable adjunct to supplement otherwise meagre incomes from the sale of surplus rice, coffee, cloves and vegetables.’
    • ‘It also serves as an essential adjunct to conscious voluntary or emotional reactions.’
    • ‘‘Liposuction should be used as an adjunct to living a healthy lifestyle rather than as a weight loss tool,’ said Dr. Rohrich.’
    • ‘These data suggest that STD / HIV screening must be used as an adjunct to other clinical interventions rather than a substitute for such counseling.’
    • ‘Optical mammography, for example, will probably find first use as an adjunct to conventional mammography rather than as a replacement.’
    • ‘It assumes that the virtual is a substitute for the material realm, rather than an adjunct to it.’
    • ‘It is not surprising to find that many entrepreneurs contributed directly to the improvement of the transport infrastructure, and were often engaged in some type of shipping as an essential adjunct to their business.’
    • ‘In either case, quality service is an essential adjunct to a quality product.’
    • ‘They aren't part of the essential life of the community, merely a decorative adjunct to it.’
    • ‘Second, it was an illustration, an adjunct to the accompanying wall text.’
    • ‘In the clinical assessment of chest pain, electrocardiography is an essential adjunct to the clinical history and physical examination.’
    supplement, addition, accompaniment, complement, companion, extra, add-on, additive, accessory, appurtenance
    attachment, appendage, addendum, affix, auxiliary
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    1. 1.1A person who is another's assistant or subordinate.
      ‘a talented adjunct desperately grabbing at officer status’
      • ‘Thirty percent of part-time liberal-arts faculty reported no scheduled office hours, and adjuncts were 50 percent less likely to require essay exams than full-time faculty.’
      • ‘A new insider confides that she has never before heard people talk about adjuncts as if they were not even in the room when they actually were.’
      • ‘We see it as the first step in a campaign to organize all private-sector adjuncts in Boston.’
      • ‘Many dance faculties are made up of only one full-time person and several adjuncts.’
      • ‘These two chapters provide a sound introduction to critical similarities and differences to be considered by campus leaders working to improve the selection, development, support, and retention of adjuncts.’
      • ‘The courses are designed to be modular and scalable, so that teaching assistants and adjuncts can be slotted into courses as required.’
      • ‘This is a rough number, because it includes emeritus professors, associate, assistant, lecturers, and adjuncts.’
      • ‘Because of these working conditions, many adjuncts may have difficulty holding office hours, meeting with full-time colleagues, or participating in professional development activities.’
      • ‘They make choices that may force them to leave the academy or put them into the second tier of faculty: the lecturers, adjuncts, and part-time faculty.’
      • ‘It does so by linking together demands for better compensation and conditions for adjuncts with the need for quality education for students, the restoration of the academic job market, and the defense of the academic profession.’
      • ‘Sometimes he is also assisted by an adjunct who will later represent him during absences.’
      • ‘Operating room aides are competent adjuncts to Registered Nurses, and they assist with many responsibilities, including opening sterile supplies and sutures and positioning patients.’
      • ‘On April 30th, Hitler gave very clear instructions to his personal adjunct, Otto Gunsche, that both his and his wife's body should be burned.’
      • ‘This is the first book devoted fully to adjuncts telling their own stories in their own words.’
      • ‘Although even tenured professors can be influenced by the economic and psychological pressures of student evaluations, untenured instructors and adjuncts who work on yearly contracts are the most vulnerable.’
      • ‘The university might want to give some of these responsibilities to someone else other than a teaching assistant, like an adjunct or a graduate student, for less money.’
      • ‘I broke down grade inflation by instructor rank and found it is much higher among assistant professors, adjuncts, instructors, etc. than for associate or full professors.’
      • ‘There are two ways we can view this reality: from the institution's perspective or from that of Carroll's entrepreneurial adjuncts.’
      • ‘Of course, line items must be included in the budget to cover adjuncts for parental leaves.’
  • 2Grammar
    A word or phrase that constitutes an optional element or is considered of secondary importance in a sentence, for example on the table in we left some flowers on the table.

    • ‘The LION database of English poetry has 144 instances of ‘under God’, and quite a few of them seem to me to be unambiguously locative adjuncts modifying noun phrases.’
    • ‘When a sentence-initial adjunct needs to connect to a specific noun phrase deep in the following material, it can be confusing.’
    • ‘Might candidates' electability be enhanced if they were taught to use more conditional adjuncts?’
    • ‘In English you can take not only an adjunct but also a predicative complement and prepose them (pop them at the front of the clause) for a special effect.’
    • ‘Adverbials integrated within the structure of the sentence are adjuncts.’
    1. 2.1(in systemic grammar) an obligatory or optional adverbial functioning as a constituent of clause structure.
      • ‘Among the features indicating that an adverbial is an adjunct is the ability to be questioned and negated.’
      • ‘As pointed out by Progovac, it predicts that adjuncts should be extractable from, say, a relative clause only if it contains a long-distance reflexive - a prediction that is not borne out.’
      • ‘Under God is a locative adjunct in the structure of a noun phrase.’
      • ‘The sentence begins with what is traditionally known as an absolutive clausal adjunct - a gerund-participial clause functioning as an adjunct in clause structure.’


  • 1[attributive] Connected or added to something.

    ‘other adjunct therapies include immunotherapy’
    • ‘The organization is prepared to accept him back, and will create a circle for him to be available as an adjunct support if he is released as a long-term offender.’
    • ‘The authors do not use a systems perspective and, hence, this book would best be used by a family therapist as an adjunct resource.’
    • ‘That show, curated by Okwui Enwezor, adjunct curator of contemporary art at the Art Institute of Chicago, addresses art and politics in Africa from 1945 to 1994.’
    • ‘The patients are then seen by the physician who would prescribe the appropriate adjunct therapy and be available for further support.’
    • ‘Someone wrote in and asked if I would settle, as they put it, for an adjunct position if I can't get a faculty position.’
    • ‘There does seem to be some adjunct therapy other than external beam radiation or chemotherapy that may be viable options and may decrease the amount of recurrence.’
    • ‘National Public Radio featured a revealing interview Sunday with Thomas Lippman, adjunct scholar for the Washington-based Middle East Institute.’
    • ‘Hypnosis is often used as an adjunct therapy for chronic conditions.’
    • ‘I got my masters from BU and taught there for five years or so as adjunct faculty.’
    • ‘Acupuncture is employed in the Dade County Drug Court's treatment program on a volunteer basis as an adjunct therapy for attending defendants.’
    • ‘The local media don't want to be seen as an adjunct branch of the local constabulary.’
    • ‘She is currently adjunct curator at Presentation House Gallery.’
    • ‘The percentage of cheaper classes taught by adjunct instructors is increasing as well.’
    • ‘The Shonibare photographs were on loan on the recommendation of Okwui Enwezor, who is, among many other things, an adjunct curator of contemporary art at the Institute.’
    • ‘He's the adjunct general for the state of Florida, meaning he's in charge of the state's Army and Air National Guard.’
    • ‘In 1780, Goya was elected a member of the Academia de S. Fernando; five years later he would become adjunct director of painting in the same institution.’
    • ‘And I should add that I know him somewhat and that, since I'm a lowly adjunct prof at the New School, he is actually my president.’
    • ‘Like sustainability, usability is an adjunct concept to the practice of graphic design.’
    • ‘She has been an adjunct faculty member of the New School for Social Research in NYC since 1993 and lectures on the antiterrorism laws and the Constitution.’
    • ‘Alternatives to traditional remedial courses include tutoring and adjunct courses directly connected with regular college-level courses.’
    additional, supplementary, supplemental, extra, reserve, backup, emergency, fallback, spare, substitute, other
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    1. 1.1North American (of an academic post) attached to the staff of a university in a temporary or assistant capacity.
      ‘an adjunct professor of entomology’
      • ‘Both Kieran and Timberlake have taught nearly every year for the last two decades, and as adjunct professors at the University of Pennsylvania, they team up even in the classroom.’
      • ‘Cheli Reutter is a doctoral candidate at the University of California, Riverside, and an adjunct professor at the University of Cincinnati.’
      • ‘Kristal Brent Zook, an adjunct professor at Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism, lives in Manhattan.’
      • ‘In 1987 he joined the University of Toronto as adjunct professor and director of its Centre for Accounting Studies, positions he held until 1990.’
      • ‘She is a licensed nutritionist, family wellness specialist, adjunct professor at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and author of 11 books.’
      • ‘Subsequently, the increase in the use of adjunct professors and teaching assistants could result in the laying off of traditional faculty.’
      • ‘Choreographer Deborah Hay, who is an adjunct professor at the University of Texas at Austin, is still mesmerizing at age 59.’
      • ‘He is now an adjunct assistant professor of architecture at the University of Oregon and director of the Italy Field School Program.’
      • ‘Shortly before he retired from the waterfront, Hoffer became an adjunct professor at the University of California, Berkeley.’
      • ‘Now, Dr. Kuriansky represents the American Psychological Association and is also an adjunct assistant professor at the Department of Psychiatry at Columbia University.’
      • ‘Mary Louise Wilson is adjunct professor at the University of Miami, teaching in the School of Music and the School of Education.’
      • ‘James Langenfeld is a director at LECG, an economics and finance consulting firm, and an adjunct professor at Loyola University Law School, Chicago.’
      • ‘Michael Cockram is an adjunct assistant professor of architecture at the University of Oregon.’
      • ‘Dr. Cynthia Jacobs Carter is director of development for Howard University and an adjunct professor at Georgetown University.’
      • ‘She's also adjunct professor at the University of Toronto, lecturing on Caribbean and women's studies.’
      • ‘That not-unique pattern points to the inadequacy of much current nomenclature about part-time or adjunct faculty versus tenured professors.’
      • ‘He is also an adjunct assistant professor of psychology at Case Western Reserve University and consults with summer camps and camp organizations.’
      • ‘Lionel Lewis is emeritus professor of sociology and adjunct professor of higher education at the State University of New York at Buffalo.’
      • ‘As an adult, she has pursued a dual career as both an academic (currently an adjunct professor at the University of Toronto) and a dramatist.’
      • ‘Following retirement, he taught regularly in the Religion Department at Temple University as adjunct professor.’


Early 16th century (as an adjective meaning ‘joined on, subordinate’): from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere (see adjoin).