One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A compound consisting of an adenosine molecule bonded to one acidic phosphate group, present in most DNA and RNA. It typically exists in a cyclic form with the phosphate bonded to the nucleoside at two points.
- ‘Nitric oxide is a cellular signal that activates guanylyl cyclase to cyclic adenylic acid (cyclic AMP), causing vasodilation.’
Late 19th century: adenylic from adenine + -yl + -ic.
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