Definition of adenosine in English:

adenosine

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] A compound consisting of adenine combined with ribose, present in all living tissue in combined form as nucleotides.

    • ‘For instance, the adenine nucleotide, adenosine, can theoretically be produced entirely abiotically.’
    • ‘The nucleotide elements of DNA are adenosine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, abbreviated A, G, C, and T, respectively.’
    • ‘This is the enzyme responsible for converting adenosine to inosine in the catabolism of the purines.’
    • ‘The salvage pathways combine adenine with a pentose to alter the adenosine nucleotide pool inventory.’
    • ‘Adenosine deaminase is an aminohydrolase that converts adenosine to inosine and is thus involved in the catabolism of purine bases.’

Origin

Early 20th century: blend of adenine and ribose.

Pronunciation:

adenosine

/əˈdɛnə(ʊ)siːn/