Definition of adenine in English:

adenine

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] A compound which is one of the four constituent bases of nucleic acids. A purine derivative, it is paired with thymine in double-stranded DNA.

    • ‘Causes and effects The structure of thalidomide is similar to that of the DNA purine bases adenine and guanine.’
    • ‘The strands consist of sugar and phosphate groups, the sugars being attached to a base - adenine, thymine, guanine, or cytosine.’
    • ‘The nitrogen-containing units are the bases: adenine, cytosine, guanine, and uracil.’
    • ‘These bases are adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine and can be represented as A, C, G, and T, respectively.’
    • ‘There are four types of nucleotides in DNA, each containing one of four bases - adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine.’

Origin

Late 19th century: coined in German from Greek adēn gland + -ine.

Pronunciation:

adenine

/ˈadɪniːn/