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(of a muscle) move (a limb or other part of the body) towards the midline of the body or towards another part:‘the main function of pectorals is to adduct the arms’The opposite of abduct
- ‘A recent consensus document suggests that the arm should not be extended behind the back or adducted in an extreme position for a substantial amount of time.’
- ‘Two possible effective responses would have been to flex the knee on the side of the higher foot, or to have adducted one leg and abducted the other.’
- ‘Then, isometrically contract the pectoral muscle, attempting to adduct the arm.’
- ‘Is it the oblique eye muscles or the superior or inferior recti that adduct the eye?’
- ‘The affected arm is flexed at the elbow and adducted against the side of the body.’
Mid 19th century: back-formation from late Middle English adduction, from late Latin adductio(n-) bringing forward, from the verb adducere bring in (see adduce).
The product of an addition reaction between two compounds:‘a stable, covalent adduct of enzyme and substrate DNA results’
- ‘In rat liver, it has been shown that tamoxifen forms covalent DNA adducts, implying a genotoxic mechanism for its carcinogenicity in this tissue.’
- ‘It has been known for some time that smoking can give rise to acrylamide in human red cells that forms adducts with haemoglobin.’
- ‘Moreover, some photoactivable compounds can also produce bulky adducts.’
- ‘Rodents eating unfried pancakes had only one-tenth that concentration of acrylamide adducts.’
- ‘Under these irradiation conditions, another major class of oxidative damage occurs, namely the formation of covalent protein-DNA adducts.’
1940s: from German Addukt (blend of Addition and Produkt).
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