Definition of additive in English:

additive

noun

  • A substance added to something in small quantities to improve or preserve it:

    ‘many foods contain chemical additives’
    • ‘It's also an easy way to avoid artificial additives, pesticides and GM ingredients.’
    • ‘One reason could be down to the fact that additives, colourings and preservatives are more prevalent in our food than ever.’
    • ‘The finding was instrumental in getting lead additives banned from gasoline in that country.’
    • ‘You can hardly complain about people who want to produce food uncontaminated by artificial chemicals and additives.’
    • ‘Campaigners today called for clearer labelling of additives on food and drink products.’
    • ‘Tea or supper will not be a supermarket ready-meal full of additives, preservatives and artificial flavourings.’
    • ‘Most nail products contain chemicals and additives that can actually end up damaging your nails.’
    • ‘She explained about the many additives used in foods these days and listed the healthiest fruit and vegetables we should eat.’
    • ‘We eat convenience foods high in e-numbers, fats, carbohydrates, salts and additives.’
    • ‘She said hyperactivity in children could stem from too many fizzy drinks and additives.’
    • ‘Where it is available, aged manure is one of the best soil additives in preparing for roses.’
    • ‘Imagine a company sneaking additives and preservatives into something you eat without telling you.’
    • ‘Some food allergies are not intrinsic to the food material but are actually related to chemical additives.’
    • ‘If you have noted improved behavior, reintroduce one of the eliminated foods or additives at a time.’
    • ‘Vine weevil, the gardener's worst enemy, is often properly controlled by chemical compost additives.’
    • ‘Sometimes these additives can improve flavour, but obviously they can also detract from it.’
    • ‘Evening primrose, wheat germ, and rose hip seed oils all make fine additives to this mask.’
    • ‘Filtering drinking water to remove toxic copper, lead, pesticides, chloride and additives is also recommended.’
    • ‘They are free of artificial preservatives, additives and colorings and taste great.’
    • ‘Natural additives like beer or lemon juice add benefits like body or shine.’
    added ingredient, addition, extra, add-on, supplement, accompaniment
    preservative, flavour enhancer, colouring
    e-number
    View synonyms

adjective

  • 1Characterized by, relating to, or produced by addition:

    ‘the combination of these factors has an additive effect’
    • ‘He attributes this to their clumsy numeration system, a hybrid of the Babylonian sexagesimal system and an additive system in which each letter of the Greek alphabet stood for one value.’
    • ‘These rates are greater than expected for additive or multiplicative effects of the single mutations.’
    • ‘His fields of dots grew through a ruminative, additive process that is integral to their emotional tenor.’
    • ‘When environmental factors also play a role in the development of a trait, the term multifactorial is used to refer to the additive effects of many genetic and environmental factors.’
    • ‘Our prediction, however, was based on a test statistic for additive effects only.’
    • ‘Smoking and asthma had additive but not multiplicative effects on decline.’
    • ‘That is, cumulative discrimination may be more than an additive process in which the effects of discriminatory incidents sum over time to form larger and larger outcome disparities.’
    • ‘It shows that the genetic variances and covariances contributed by the additive and dominance effects cannot be fully controlled in the model.’
    • ‘There was no significant advantage to any screening policy, and the addition of more screening tests did not produce an additive effect.’
    • ‘Many problems in evolutionary biology involve evolution of traits controlled by multiple genes of approximately additive effect.’
    • ‘The period length of the double mutant strains was close to values predicted from assuming an additive or multiplicative effect from each mutation.’
    • ‘This result is opposite of what is expected if the fitness effects are additive or multiplicative.’
    • ‘For both outcomes, Model A examined the simple additive effects and Model B examined the more complex interactions between the gender of the respondent and the source of support.’
    • ‘However, there does exists a set of parameter values that produce additive effects of stimulus quality.’
    • ‘The new results include measurements of temperature and additive effects and kinetics modeling of the DPH curves.’
    • ‘A third possibility is that structural position and self-monitoring may have relatively independent, additive effects on performance in organizations.’
    • ‘Research suggests that the different factors have an additive effect.’
    • ‘Zero is called the additive identity, because adding zero to a number will not change it: the number stays the same.’
    • ‘Judging by cases in which some apply but others do not, these three properties have roughly equal importance, and their effects are approximately additive.’
    • ‘When combined in the ancestral background, the two mutations had an additive effect, leading to a net increase of 17% relative to the ancestor.’
    1. 1.1technical Relating to the reproduction of colours by the superimposition of primary colours:
      ‘the video monitor uses the additive colours red, green, and blue’
      • ‘Another alternative is to have the additive colors in small containers and have the students dip the brush in to get a small amount.’
      • ‘The three types of cones are often, and somewhat misleadingly, equated with Maxwell's additive primaries of red, blue, and green.’
      • ‘That of a primary colour will be a mixture of the two other primaries: the additive complement of red is cyan, the subtractive complement is green.’
      • ‘The artistic palette of colors, on the other hand, includes additive colors which include red, green and blue.’

Origin

Late 17th century (as an adjective): from late Latin additivus, from Latin addit- added, from the verb addere (see add). The noun dates from the 1940s.

Pronunciation:

additive

/ˈadɪtɪv/