Definition of aconitine in English:



mass nounChemistry
  • A poisonous alkaloid obtained from monkshood and related plants.

    • ‘These herbs contain highly toxic alkaloids, including aconitine, which activate sodium channels and over-stimulate cell membranes.’
    • ‘The final tests have shown that in various samples of prepared aconite (fu zi) the aconine and benzoyl aconine were 1/2000 or 1/250 that of aconitine respectively.’
    • ‘Principle constituents: aconitine which is one of the most poisonous of all alkaloids.’
    • ‘In 1881 Dr George Henry Lamson poisoned his two brothers-in-law for their legacies, at least one with aconitine, the only recorded case of its use to kill.’
    • ‘Excessive amounts of these materials, which contain diterpene alkaloids particularly aconitine, can produce toxic effects and occasional fatalities.’