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[mass noun] A condition in which the muscles of the lower part of the oesophagus fail to relax, preventing food from passing into the stomach.
- ‘The diagnostic studies confirmed the initial impression that the patient has an esophageal motility disorder, demonstrating classical findings of achalasia.’
- ‘This case also illustrates the therapeutic dilemma if surgery fails in patients with achalasia.’
- ‘The symptoms of achalasia are usually very characteristic.’
- ‘Patients with achalasia typically present with dysphagia to solids and liquids.’
- ‘If endoscopy shows no obvious abnormality a diagnosis of a primary motility disturbance of the oesophagus such as achalasia should be considered.’
Early 20th century: from a- ‘without, not’ + Greek khalasis loosening (from khalan relax) + -ia.
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