Definition of accelerator in English:



  • 1A person or thing that causes something to happen or develop more quickly.

    ‘the country has been the main accelerator of global growth for a decade’
    • ‘Does it take advantage of any 3D accelerator cards?’
    • ‘In the past few years, research institutions have begun to compile both the necessary data and sophisticated analysis of various causes and accelerators of different kinds of conflict.’
    • ‘The moisture in the clothing serves as an accelerator for heat loss.’
    • ‘The increase in the performance of graphics accelerators frees additional CPU cycles that can be used for real-time physical world modeling.’
    • ‘Smith was frightened enough to move fast - the sound of gunfire was an excellent accelerator.’
    • ‘Moreover, ginger is also known as a metabolism accelerator.’
    • ‘Our study underscores the importance of elastin fragmentation in the vessel wall as an accelerator of atherosclerosis.’
    • ‘"Trust is an accelerator of performance, and mistrust derails even the best strategy."’
    1. 1.1 A venture or scheme that promotes and aids the rapid growth of selected new small businesses.
      ‘an accelerator for start-up technology companies in Buenos Aires’
      as modifier ‘a record number of women-led start-ups are participating in the accelerator program’
      • ‘The 40 companies that have graduated from the accelerator in the past two years have raised an average of over a $1m each.’
      • ‘A new agricultural technology business accelerator was officially launched last week out of St. Louis.’
      • ‘Across the country, business incubators and accelerators reflect the needs and wants of their respective communities.’
      • ‘He has established an accelerator for young entrepreneurs coming from Israel to build out their businesses in the heart of New York's burgeoning technology scene.’
      • ‘The start-up received a $50 000 cash investment from the accelerator, and last year it raised funds from angel investors but has not disclosed the exact amount publicly.’
      • ‘While startup support for general business has become more readily available, an industry-specific accelerator can provide more knowledge and resources for building.’
      • ‘A big chunk of the talk was spent warning about the proliferation of accelerators and other programs that offer business guidance in exchange for equity.’
      • ‘Today, the city is bursting with incubators and accelerators, and events for startups.’
      • ‘Our vision for 2020 is for the UK to be the most investment-friendly environment for fintech globally, attracting $4bn of venture investment and $4bn of institutional investment in corporate venture funds, accelerators and innovation programmes.’
      • ‘Surge Ventures LLC recently graduated its fourth class of companies from its business accelerator.’
  • 2A device, typically a foot pedal, which controls the speed of a vehicle's engine.

    ‘he pressed the accelerator to the floor and the taxi shot forward’
    figurative ‘the bank will have its foot on the accelerator until the economy starts to recover’
    • ‘He had no choice but to ease his foot on the accelerator and let his speed drift down to about 20 mph.’
    • ‘The only thing I noticed was the engine braking which dragged the car slower when I took my foot off the accelerator.’
    • ‘When the driver takes his/her foot off the brake and puts it on the accelerator, the engine re-starts automatically and almost seamlessly.’
    • ‘He stopped speaking suddenly when Carl jammed the van into reverse gear and slammed his foot down on the accelerator pedal.’
    • ‘When you come to a halt, the car cuts out after a few seconds to preserve energy; the engine then fires again when your foot returns to the accelerator.’
    • ‘I put my foot down on the accelerator and sped away from the city.’
    • ‘I easily left him behind without flooring the accelerator.’
    • ‘In fact, moving my foot from the accelerator to the brake was difficult as it kept catching on something under the panel.’
    • ‘He hit the accelerator full on, no longer caring about traffic or the police.’
    • ‘He put the key into the ignition and fired the engine, then pressed the accelerator pedal down so that the engine roar drowned out Kate's next words.’
  • 3Physics
    An apparatus for accelerating charged particles to high velocities; a particle accelerator.

    ‘electron accelerators’
    • ‘The particle physics community began adapting existing high-energy accelerators to provide heavy-ion nuclear beams.’
    • ‘It's heady material, but the site does a brave job of making the business of elementary particles, accelerators, detectors and collision exercises comprehensible to a general audience.’
    • ‘Usually, they run around furiously like electrons in a super accelerator, bouncing wide, converging inside, slotting back towards the middle of the park.’
    • ‘Patel and his colleagues heated a sample with far more protons than an accelerator could provide, using a technique developed at Livermore in recent years for other purposes.’
    • ‘Accelerator design was, of course, a relatively new field, and Bell's work at Malvern consisted of tracing the paths of charged particles through accelerators.’
    • ‘Physicists learned most of what they know about the fundamental forces of nature by using larger and larger accelerators to smash subatomic particles together.’
    • ‘As particles travel through an accelerator, they give off a form of radiation known as synchrotron radiation.’
    • ‘The main difference between conventional accelerators and the mobile electron linear accelerator is the type of radiation produced.’
    • ‘Today, accelerators race the particles in straight lines or, to save land space, in ringed paths several miles in diameter.’
    • ‘Not only do condensed matter physicists use accelerators, but particle physicists use superconductors and solid-state detectors.’
    • ‘To study subatomic particles, physicists build giant accelerators that smash the particles together.’
    • ‘Because it takes so much effort to accelerate particles for an experiment, many accelerators have storage rings.’
    • ‘However, as successful as they are in tackling problems such as the origin of mass and the asymmetry between matter and antimatter, accelerators cannot keep achieving higher and higher energies.’
    • ‘Very early in the study of high-energy physics the only source of high energy particles was in cosmic rays (the first accelerators were not yet in existence).’
    • ‘With stronger dipole magnets, an accelerator can push particles to much higher relativistic energies around the same-sized circular beam path.’
    • ‘Specializing in accelerators, synchrotron radiation and lasers, each group views these new facilities as a natural development in its respective field.’
    • ‘Very soon, accelerators at Ernest Lawrence's Berkeley laboratory were producing artificial pions; the era of high-energy physics had begun.’
    1. 3.1Chemistry A substance that speeds up a chemical process.
      • ‘Contact dermatitis is one example, in which the skin responds to allergens such as nickel and rubber accelerators.’
      • ‘You need to mix the cream bleach and powder accelerator together, and I found it easier to do on a saucer than the tiny plastic palette they provide.’
      • ‘Rodinal uses potassium hydroxide as the accelerator and p-aminophenol as the sole developing agent.’
      • ‘Chemical admixtures such as superplasticizers, accelerators, antifreezers, air entraining agents and many others are used to modify the grout properties and protect it from the environmental conditions.’
      • ‘The process uses organic peroxides that do not rely on any accelerators.’
      • ‘What are potential catalysts or accelerators?’
      • ‘Consequently, a traditional cyanoacrylate adhesive might be selected and used in conjunction with an accelerator in an effort to speed the cure.’
      • ‘Additionally, products such as tanning oils and tan accelerators are made to promote tanning.’
      • ‘Calcium chloride or sodium chloride are the most commonly-used accelerators.’
      • ‘We would also use high doses of polycarboxilate high-range water reducer and nonchloride accelerators.’
      • ‘Non-ionic surfactants act as accelerators of diffusion in the cuticular wax barrier.’
      • ‘The allergic reactions are caused by the presence of residual chemicals, such as accelerators belonging to types of thiuram, thiazoles, and carbonates, which often are used in the manufacture of both latex and synthetic gloves.’
      • ‘Sometimes scrubs combine abrasive qualities from these granules with plant-based exfoliant accelerators, such as milk or fruit acids and certain essential oils.’
      • ‘Related supplies include a compost accelerator for $6.99 to speed up the process and a compost turner for $9.99.’
      • ‘Aniline is used in the manufacture of a number of products including dyes, pharmaceuticals, antioxidants, and vulcanization accelerators in rubber compounds.’
      • ‘Symptoms, also caused by rubber accelerators and chemical additives, include redness, itching, crusting, and blisters, resembling the reaction to poison ivy or poison oak.’
      • ‘When latex gloves are manufactured, chemicals, curing agents, and accelerators are added to give gloves these desired properties.’
      • ‘This causes scission of an initiator molecule which produces free radicals in the presence of an aliphatic amine accelerator.’
      • ‘Quick Compost is the only liquid accelerator on the market.’
      • ‘Other chemicals (eg, accelerators, antioxidants) are added for strength, stretch, and durability.’