Definition of abutment in English:

abutment

noun

  • 1A structure built to support the lateral pressure of an arch or span, e.g. at the ends of a bridge:

    ‘the first bridge was of timber with stone abutments’
    • ‘The key section was the middle span, a 154 foot piece that sat on two stone abutments that were put up after an extensive fill had narrowed the river valley.’
    • ‘Those hot-rodding growth funds hit the financial equivalent of a bridge abutment in 2000.’
    • ‘Although the waters of the Baker River were well up on the Smith Bridge, the bridge stayed on its abutments.’
    • ‘Hummelstown brownstone traversed the gamut of the masonry trades from foundation to lintel, mansion to privy, bridge abutment to gravestone, skyscraper to curbstone, and so on for seemingly endless uses.’
    • ‘A progress report issued on the project states that one of the abutments of the western bridge span has now been completed and work is now starting on the one on the eastern side.’
    • ‘Various foundation types have been adopted to support the bridge piers and abutments.’
    • ‘As I returned up-stream, I was amazed to see that I had walked right past a bridge abutment.’
    • ‘They can be configured for linear, square, or rectangular excavations to depths of 30 ft. or more for such uses as pipelines, pits, retaining walls, and bridge abutments.’
    • ‘MSE walls are replacing conventional structural elements, such as bridge abutments, secondary waste- and water-containment systems, and earth-retaining systems.’
    • ‘Suggest a concrete countertop for a new kitchen, and most people think sidewalks, driveways, and bridge abutments and say yuck.’
    • ‘If apnea is falling asleep at the wheel and driving off the road, SIDS is falling asleep at the wheel and driving into a bridge abutment.’
    • ‘Bemoaning his mangled truck, which was upside down in a ditch when officers arrived, Surachai told police that he had been returning home from Sattahip when he collided with a bridge abutment and lost control.’
    • ‘For example, in an arched bridge, the force of compression is pushed along the curve of the arch toward the abutments.’
    • ‘It has been inserted into the stone abutment of a railway bridge which, long demolished, once spanned the river Serein.’
    • ‘Steps often occur at a bridge abutment or at the termination of an overlay.’
    • ‘During spring 2001 the DNR removed considerable rock from the mine dump for the repair of bridge abutments along the abandoned Copper Range Railroad grade, now used as a snowmobile trail in the winter months.’
    • ‘Richard Robidoux, the project manager for E. D. Swett, Inc., said a hundred piles were driven to a depth of between 120 and 160 feet for the bridge abutments.’
    • ‘Bridgework involves the preparation of supporting teeth known as abutments.’
    • ‘This carefully orchestrated progression was upset soon after it was created: in January 1938, ice pushed the Honeymoon Bridge off of its abutments, causing it to collapse.’
    • ‘He admits that he sees the world as hopeless and has considered driving his motorcycle into a bridge abutment.’
    support, cutwater, pile, piling, plinth, pedestal, foot, footing, abutment, buttress, stanchion, prop, stay, upright, pillar, post, column
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[mass noun] The process of supporting something with an abutment:
      ‘efficient abutment is needed at this point’
      • ‘The design called for this kind of abutment in several places which gave me a bit of grief down the road, since what actually happens on a site will vary from the most carefully drawn plans.’
    2. 1.2 A point at which something abuts against something else:
      ‘a mirror with a delicate border of engraved blue glass in ten sections, each abutment masked by a thin metal strip’

Pronunciation:

abutment

/əˈbʌtm(ə)nt/