Definition of abrasion in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The process of scraping or wearing something away:

    ‘the metal is resistant to abrasion’
    • ‘When made into a fiber they demonstrate low moisture absorption and good resistance to abrasion.’
    • ‘This requires a precise process: too much abrasion will weaken the joints and cause premature device failure.’
    • ‘Pain may also occur when dentine is exposed by trauma, erosion, or abrasion; this subsides within seconds of removing the stimulus and may be poorly localised, often only to within two or three teeth of the affected tooth.’
    • ‘Some individuals may even develop welts just from local exposure to cold or mechanical abrasion.’
    • ‘This special elastomer is available in various properties of hardness and toughness and is resistant to abrasion.’
    • ‘Geological evidence for precipitation, erosion, mechanical abrasion and other fluvial activity says that the physical processes shaping Titan are much the same as those shaping Earth.’
    • ‘The ability to coat surfaces - making them stronger, lighter and more resistant to corrosion or abrasion - has many applications.’
    • ‘The intraarticular implant fragments may lead to gradual chondral injury secondary to abrasion of the articular surfaces.’
    • ‘The media are long wearing and highly resistant to abrasion.’
    • ‘If the abrasive medium remains intact, the process is described as low stress abrasion.’
    • ‘This suggests derivation from a sedimentary precursor in which zircons would reflect recycling and abrasion during sedimentary processes.’
    • ‘The lifeline is a long, heavy, braided rope that is resistant to abrasion, sunlight, and moisture.’
    • ‘The signs at the left, top, and right can still be read, but the row along the bottom of the panel is irretrievable due to severe abrasion and loss.’
    • ‘Seliger's labor-intensive techniques of accretion and abrasion often mimic geologic processes.’
    • ‘Hardfacing applies a coating for the purpose of reducing wear or loss of material by abrasion, impact, erosion, oxidation, cavitations, etc.’
    • ‘Thermoplastic tips have generally shown good resistance to abrasion and corrosion, but may vary in wear life depending on the specific material used to mold the tips.’
    • ‘They are resistant to abrasion and grease, and have good hardness.’
    • ‘Roundness is increased by abrasion and chemical weathering processes, which blunt particle edges, and decreased by fracturing, which creates new, unworn edges.’
    • ‘High disarticulation, fragmentation, and abrasion indicate high environmental energy and turbulence and significant lateral transport.’
    • ‘Mangrove forests function to protect coasts from storms, erosion and abrasion, as well as providing habitat for various animals especially fish and bird species.’
    wearing away, wearing down, wearing, erosion, scraping, corrosion, being eaten away, chafing, rubbing, stripping, flaying, excoriation
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    1. 1.1[count noun] An area damaged by scraping or wearing away:
      ‘there were cuts and abrasions to the lips and jaw’
      • ‘Stephen said the medical report showed no abrasions, lacerations, tears or discharge.’
      • ‘I actually suffered bruising to my ribs and abrasions and bruising to my thigh, both of which have caused me considerable discomfort.’
      • ‘Or you can mix 25 drops into 100 ml of hot water and gently apply to cuts, abrasions, sores and ulcers.’
      • ‘He suffered swelling and abrasions to his head in the latest attack as he walked home from Rhodesway School in Allerton, Bradford.’
      • ‘Without the proper equipment, a worker risks injuries such as abrasions, or friction burns.’
      • ‘They suffered hypothermia, bruises, abrasions, bites from tracker dogs, or were injured in road accidents.’
      • ‘It is also important to avoid applying bleach or other chemicals to a scalp that has open sores, abrasions or any type of breakouts.’
      • ‘The nurse assesses the patient's skin condition, noting any areas of redness or abrasions.’
      • ‘Several weeks later, a woman is rushed into the emergency room with multiple bruises, scrapes, and abrasions.’
      • ‘His crumpled body revealed brain damage, multiple fractures, bruises and abrasions.’
      • ‘Doyle said there were small superficial abrasions and bruises on the body which were caused by the fall or the rocks.’
      • ‘If your mower is electric, check the cable for loose connections and for cuts and abrasions and fit a circuit breaker to the plug socket.’
      • ‘He was taken to Bonalbo Hospital with numerous cuts and abrasions.’
      • ‘They got her into the cabin and Mr Adams, trained in first aid, cleaned her cuts and abrasions with alcohol.’
      • ‘Superficial cuts, scratches, abrasions, minor burns, stings and bites will heal with the same treatment.’
      • ‘Brady also suffered numerous cuts, abrasions and contusions.’
      • ‘Also found were 57 bruises and abrasions which bore the hallmarks of deliberate physical abuse over a period of a month or so, the court heard.’
      • ‘He had a basal skull fracture, lacerations to his scalp, facial abrasions and contusions to both frontal cerebral lobes.’
      • ‘Plastic glazing is susceptible to scratches and abrasions, as well as to damage by certain solvents.’
      • ‘The woman suffered extensive blunt force bruising and abrasions to her head, face, chest, arms and legs.’
      graze, scrape, scratch, cut, gash, laceration, tear, rent, slash, injury, contusion
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Mid 17th century: from Latin abrasio(n-), from the verb abradere (see abrade).