Definition of abrade in English:



[with object]
  • Scrape or wear away by friction or erosion.

    ‘it was a landscape slowly abraded by a fine, stinging dust’
    • ‘An important area of future investigation would be microwear studies to gain insights into the nature of the food that abraded animals teeth in the few days before they died.’
    • ‘Heavy machines then pounded and abraded them to make the surfaces smooth and uniform.’
    • ‘She stayed longer than usual in the shower, wishing for the rushing hot needles of water to abrade her skin and erode the still-vivid impressions of his touch.’
    • ‘Microfracture exposes the subchondral bone, gently abrades it, yet leaves it intact during an arthroscopic procedure.’
    • ‘Nothing had gotten past them, but the lenses were badly abraded by the hurtling glass particles from the bullet-pierced windshield.’
    • ‘Split skin grafting is another technique in which the white patch is covered by skin after it is abraded.’
    • ‘In general, however, cuticular development is not usually impaired, although the leaf surface may become abraded by the action of wind and wind-borne particles.’
    • ‘The lubrication protects the individual strands of thread from abrading each other during normal usage.’
    • ‘Workers in this area, without explicitly acknowledging this problem, generally assume that the dropstones are created by sea ice abrading the continental shelf at depth.’
    • ‘The most common cause of posterior heel bursitis is ill-fitting footwear with a stiff posterior edge that abrades the area of the Achilles tendon insertion.’
    • ‘Geologists have tried various zircon treatments, including abrading the outer surfaces of the crystals, which are typically a tenth of a millimeter across, or leaching the crystals with strong acid.’
    • ‘The surface texture of this specimen, except for the portion containing bark, is similar to that of all the other short shoots found and indicates that they had been abraded sufficiently to lose their bark.’
    • ‘In the 1950s, hand scrubbing required the use of rough brushes with stiff bristles that abraded the skin and frequently increased bacterial counts.’
    • ‘At such high revs, the pistons will be doing a super job of abrading the cylinder walls.’
    • ‘Approximately 5 to 10 mg of powder was drilled from each tooth after the surface had been abraded to remove possible contamination.’
    • ‘Thousands of walkers were not only eroding and abrading the fragile soils at a record rate but also were rapidly creating tracks and pads in previously untracked areas.’
    • ‘Postmodernism has not eliminated the need for grand narratives, but it has infinitely complicated their writing by abrading the link between human experience and what used to be called ‘political economy’.’
    • ‘By the final moments, cometary dust will have abraded the camera's optics, degrading the quality of the images, and possibly ending transmission.’
    • ‘This means that the sand is lightly abrading the concrete surface.’
    • ‘Communal life can abrade some of the rough edges of a person, the monks agreed, but in communal living you also learn surprising things about yourself.’
    wear away, wear down, wear, erode, scrape away, corrode, eat away at, gnaw away at, bite into, scour, rasp, strip, flay
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Late 17th century: from Latin abradere, from ab- ‘away, from’ + radere ‘to scrape’.