Definition of ablative absolute in English:

ablative absolute


  • A construction in Latin which consists of a noun and participle or adjective in the ablative case and functions as a sentence adverb, for example Deo volente ‘God willing’.

    • ‘The genitive absolute is a particular use of the participle, similar to the ablative absolute in Latin.’
    • ‘It's about a lawyer circa 70BC, familiar to Latin students more for his ablative absolutes than his crowd-pulling charisma.’
    • ‘Express the phrase as an ablative absolute, leaving out words other than the supplied noun and verb.’
    • ‘Of course, as the book progresses, you do encounter ablative absolutes and subjunctives and such.’
    • ‘If you make the ablative absolute into its own clause, then you can think about the relationship between this clause and the main sentence.’
    • ‘The commentaries are not at all what they seem to the student puzzling over the ablative absolutes and indirect discourse.’
    • ‘Most ablative absolutes are best translated with clauses introduced by when, although, since, or if.’