Definition of abjure in English:

abjure

verb

[WITH OBJECT]formal
  • Solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)

    ‘MPs were urged to abjure their Jacobite allegiance’
    • ‘The nineteenth-century elites kept to their strict Protestant ways, abjuring the theater but supporting music.’
    • ‘It is at this point when he abjures legal justice that he articulates the notion of a just revenge.’
    • ‘The clear implication is that the Party abjured all forms of violence and acts of terror.’
    • ‘Thus, Muldrow cannot help but abjure spiritual claims to universal enlightenment.’
    • ‘After a long and wearisome trial he was condemned on June 22, 1633, solemnly to abjure his scientific creed on bended knees.’
    • ‘An analysis of the institutional politics of the tax depreciation cases also lends support to an explanation why the judiciary abjured precise definition of ‘profits’ for income tax or dividend distribution purposes.’
    • ‘If only she could abjure art the way she abjured religion and write less self-consciously, the true artist would re-emerge from what is beginning to seem like indefinite hibernation.’
    • ‘She becomes a devotee of women's rights, abjures marriage, and founds a university.’
    • ‘Disappointed in this, they turned in 1650 to Charles II, who signed the Covenant, but then abjured it at his RESTORATION, condemning it as an unlawful oath.’
    • ‘He who votes against the rights of another whatever his religion, colour or sex, thereby abjures his own.’
    • ‘I want to look closely at the first lines of the poem, in which Smith seems to abjure any claim of authority.’
    • ‘They have ceased to practise, and perhaps even to believe in their faith without abjuring it, like many if not most of us.’
    • ‘To recant is to withdraw or disavow a declared belief, as in renouncing a philosophy or abjuring fealty to a religion.’
    • ‘In the next few years Campanella found himself in trouble with the Venetian and Roman Inquisitions, abjuring his heresies in Rome in May 1594.’
    • ‘He abjured an inclination to ‘tinker’ with the rate to take account of transient shifts in market conditions.’
    • ‘He eagerly concurs in the prince's vow to abjure the throne and marriage.’
    • ‘She went on a strict diet of milk products, even abjuring her beloved Mars chocolate bars, and dropped to her present weight of 90 pounds.’
    • ‘Just as many modern restaurateurs think you should do without a cruet, some modish winemakers abjure oak, preferring to let the grapes speak for themselves.’
    • ‘He alone of all men must for an uncertain time abjure this field of endeavour, however great his interest.’
    • ‘We were asked first to ‘absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiances and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty.’’
    renounce, relinquish, reject, dispense with, forgo, forswear, disavow, abandon, deny, gainsay, disclaim, repudiate, give up, spurn, abnegate, wash one's hands of, drop, do away with
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • abjure the realm

    • historical Swear an oath to leave a country forever.

      ‘prior to transportation, offenders were sometimes permitted to abjure the realm’
      • ‘He would be sentenced to abjure the realm or suffer death as a felon.’
      • ‘If the accused would neither submit to trial nor abjure the realm after 40 days, he was starved into submission.’
      • ‘There he admitted his deed and abjured the realm.’
      • ‘Adam and the others fled to the Church of Branscombe, confessed their crime, and abjured the realm before the coroner.’
      • ‘Even while abjurations were in force, such a criminal was not allowed to take sanctuary and abjure the realm.’
      • ‘The fair Agnes also confessed to her share in the crime of passion, and the lovers eventually abjured the realm.’
      • ‘Gilbert confessed before the coroner and abjured the realm, but Simon was found not guilty.’
      • ‘The severity of the law was modified by a felon's right to abjure the realm if he succeeded in reaching the sanctuary of a church.’
      • ‘They fled to the church of Petherton and abjured the realm.’
      • ‘Within the time fixed by law and custom, he abjured the realm, proposing to leave the country by the port of Dover.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin abjurare, from ab- ‘away’ + jurare ‘swear’.

Pronunciation

abjure

/əbˈdʒɔː//əbˈdʒʊə/