Definition of abdicate in English:

abdicate

verb

  • 1[no object] (of a monarch) renounce one's throne:

    ‘in 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated as German emperor’
    [with object] ‘Ferdinand abdicated the throne in favour of the emperor's brother’
    • ‘When King Edward VIII abdicated in December 1936 it was a shock to the nation.’
    • ‘In fact, he abdicated, offered the throne to his brother (who sensibly refused it [I think]) and Lenin seized power.’
    • ‘The King abdicated in Bavaria, and a republican ‘Free State of Bavaria’ was proclaimed.’
    • ‘Now, on the constitutional point you raised there, Larry, on the queen abdicating, well, it's a frequent topic of conversation.’
    • ‘This is the day that I officially abdicate from my throne and pass the kingship on to my successor.’
    • ‘Edward VIII abdicated after a reign of 325 days, in favour of his brother, the Duke of York, who became King George VI.’
    • ‘Most of the rumors have old roots, going back to before King Edward VIII even abdicated his throne for Wallis Simpson.’
    • ‘The Duke of Windsor, Edward VIII, is famous for abdicating the throne to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson.’
    • ‘If the Tsar had abdicated, what would happen to us?’
    • ‘Which king abdicated from the British throne in 1936?’
    • ‘The Duke of Windsor, briefly King Edward VIII before he abdicated to marry Mrs Simpson, also owned a Stannard watercolour.’
    • ‘In 1931 Spain's king abdicated, and a new republic was ushered in promising social change and progress.’
    • ‘The Habsburg and Hohenzollern dynasties abdicated, following the Romanovs.’
    • ‘In 1967, Sultan Omar abdicated in favor of his eldest son, Hassanal Bolkiah, who became the 29th ruler.’
    • ‘In 1814, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as French Emperor and was banished to Elba.’
    • ‘She was ten when her father Albert, Duke of York, became king after Edward VIII abdicated in 1936.’
    • ‘In September he abdicated and Bolingbroke ascended the throne as King Henry IV.’
    • ‘King Zog abdicated the throne on 2nd January 1949 and died in exile in France in 1961.’
    • ‘Following this the proud king abdicated his throne to his son Anandapala and committed suicide by climbing onto his own funeral pyre.’
    • ‘Hindenburg also used his huge influence to persuade Kaiser Wilhelm to abdicate and to go to Holland.’
    resign from, relinquish, renounce, give up, hand over, turn over, deliver up, surrender, vacate, forswear, abjure, cede
    resign, retire, quit, stand down, step down, bow out, renounce the throne
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  • 2[with object] Fail to fulfil or undertake (a responsibility or duty):

    ‘the government was accused of abdicating its responsibility’
    • ‘In many cases, it has become a code word for abdicating the responsibilities of political leadership.’
    • ‘Notoriously ill-informed over policy detail and often content to abdicate control, he nonetheless maintained presidential dominance.’
    • ‘Bradford licensing justices said that he had abdicated his duties as licensee to his brother Michael and his partner Claire.’
    • ‘He abdicated his role of objective journalist by repeatedly asking the envoy leading questions, loaded with venomous descriptions of the prime minister.’
    • ‘If we abdicate our roles as adults, it will be media and peers that educate our kids.’
    • ‘By abdicating its political responsibility the central cabinet seeks the Supreme Court's intervention to resolve the dispute.’
    • ‘Otherwise, she is abdicating her responsibility as a reporter.’
    • ‘What is startling about this statement is the degree to which this mayor is simply abdicating responsibility for governing the city.’
    • ‘The problems arose because people were abdicating responsibility and were not getting the right person to do the job.’
    • ‘Yet is it really fair to assume that parents have abdicated their responsibilities?’
    • ‘He cannot envisage himself abdicating his moral responsibility in the matter.’
    • ‘The federal government should help states do their job, not assist them in abdicating their duty.’
    • ‘But the bottom line as far as she is concerned is that builders and developers have been abdicating any responsibility in this area.’
    • ‘The problem is that everyone seems to have abdicated their responsibility by saying, we'll let courts decide.’
    • ‘Governments around the world are abdicating their responsibilities to protect the natural resources in their territory, giving authority away to the private companies involved in resource exploitation.’
    • ‘Our failure to address this issue equates to abdicating our fundamental responsibility to the next generation of West Indian youth.’
    • ‘It is Council responsibility to do recycling and we're abdicating our responsibility.’
    • ‘He took aim at the antiwar movement, whose members, he claimed, had abdicated their historic responsibilities.’
    • ‘Once again the government is abdicating its responsibility and laying the blame elsewhere.’
    • ‘So do you think the networks are abdicating their responsibility to cover the substance of the campaigns?’
    disown, turn down, spurn, reject, renounce, give up, avoid, refuse, abnegate, relinquish, abjure, repudiate, waive, yield, forgo, abandon, surrender, deliver up, disgorge, cast aside, drop, turn one's back on, wash one's hands of
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Origin

Mid 16th century: from Latin abdicat- renounced, from the verb abdicare, from ab- away, from + dicare declare.

Pronunciation:

abdicate

/ˈabdɪkeɪt/