Definition of Abbasid in English:


Pronunciation /ˈabəsɪd//əˈbasɪd/


  • Relating to a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258.

    • ‘When al-Musta'sim, the Abbasid caliph, opposed her reign, the sultana abdicated and married Aybek.’
    • ‘Under the Abbasid caliphs who made it their capital in AD 762, it was a walled centre of culture and learning.’
    • ‘Their value as gifts was established as early as 802 when the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid sent an elephant to Charlemagne.’
    • ‘In 1055 they entered Baghdad on the invitation of the Abbasid caliph.’
    • ‘During the latter Abbasid and Ottoman periods, the itjihad was suppressed.’
    • ‘Nor was the political dynamism of the Abbasid empire's smaller successor states by any means exhausted.’
    • ‘Al-Musta'sim, the last Abbasid caliph in Baghdad, proved no match for Hulegu's Mongol forces when they attacked Baghdad.’
    • ‘In the 8th and 9th centuries, under the Abbasid caliphs, Islamic civilization entered a golden age.’
    • ‘The revolution that brought the Abbasid family to power prompted a period of medieval prosperity for Iraq.’
    • ‘Najaf's founding as a city dates back to 791, when the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid supposedly passed through during a hunt.’
    • ‘In 762 AD the new rulers, called the Abbasid caliphs, founded a new capital city on the river Tigris.’
    • ‘In Baghdad the Abbasid dynasty is established.’
    • ‘The Abbasid caliphs decided to adopt a more deliberate approach to the cultural and intellectual growth of the empire.’
    • ‘He also elaborated on the large number of legal verdicts and judgements pronounced during the Abbasid period.’
    • ‘Harun al-Rashid became the fifth Caliph of the Abbasid dynasty on 14 September 786.’
    • ‘This period begins under the Caliph Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Caliph of the Abbasid dynasty, whose reign began in 786.’
    • ‘This also brought the Ayyubids closer to the Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad.’
    • ‘During the Abbasid period, when Islam's foundations were developed, leading scholars and thinkers were exclusively male.’
    • ‘The Abbasid dynasty, centered in Iraq, followed.’
    • ‘Baghdad lies near the site of Babylon and was founded by the Arab Abbasid dynasty in the eighth century AD.’


  • A member of the Abbasid dynasty.

    • ‘I just went down to take him a glass of orange squash.’
    • ‘In the 1970s we ate pork pies, corned beef, cake, biscuits, all washed down with diluted orange squash.’
    • ‘He wrestles into position on a rickety picnic bench and glugs from a pint glass of orange squash.’
    • ‘He poured me an orange squash.’
    • ‘Children are well catered for with meals like fish fingers, chips and beans, with free orange squash and ice cream.’
    • ‘It wasn't champagne and wine to celebrate, but orange squash and coffee, as the pair are both strictly teetotal.’
    • ‘The youngsters tucked into complimentary homemade scones, fruitcake, and orange squash.’
    • ‘I would whip up huge batches of sickly-sweet chocolate crispies and flog them along with weak orange squash in paper cups for 15p each.’
    • ‘Sitting on the veranda in the hot sun, the two drank orange squash and cosily chatted.’
    • ‘There were bowls of a tasty variety of crisps and bottles of coke and lemonade, and a jug of orange squash.’
    • ‘This is the sort of home-baked delight that a much-loved grandmother might have given you alongside a glass of orange squash or a mug of instant coffee.’


Named after al-Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle: the dynasty was founded by his descendants.