Definition of abate in English:



  • 1 (of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread.

    ‘the storm suddenly abated’
    • ‘He says there was no sign yet that consumer demand in Scotland was abating.’
    • ‘He looked up at the gray overcast sky and wondered how it was possible that this storm could have abated so quickly.’
    • ‘The challenges of rising health care costs and Medicare premiums will not suddenly abate.’
    • ‘November to April is the wet season but heavy tropical storms can abate as suddenly as they arrive.’
    • ‘An electrician arrived in a ladder truck and fixed the fault before the storm abated.’
    • ‘The temperature dropped, the winds abated, and cool rains began to fall.’
    • ‘When the storms abate, the uncertainties do not.’
    • ‘The storm has not abated, not at all, and I look out one of the windows, and see that the snow is easily up to my waist.’
    • ‘A perfect late midsummer day - the cruel heat has abated, and the humidity has been replaced with clear cool air that rests lightly on your skin.’
    • ‘As the economic recession abated, its relevance receded in popular culture.’
    • ‘The spring saw the quick end of major combat abroad, while the threat of a widespread SARS epidemic abated.’
    • ‘Patients should be observed in a closed ward setting until signs and symptoms abate.’
    • ‘Yet in the year that they had known each other his feelings had grown more intense rather than abated.’
    • ‘With GM technology, the debate regarding our dependence or otherwise on nature, far from abating, has intensified.’
    • ‘The increase in September over the previous year was a dramatic 61.5% and there is no sign of this trend abating.’
    • ‘There was no sign of the rain abating and already the trench was half filled with stinking brown water.’
    • ‘Then, with your mind, think of calming the pain, easing it until it abates and is gone.’
    • ‘And put simply, it translates into a party on the rise with no sign of that rise abating.’
    • ‘Most hot flashes are mild to moderate in intensity and usually abate over time without therapy.’
    • ‘The company operates in a very competitive industry, with little sign of the competitive pressures abating.’
    subside, die away, die down, die out, drop away, drop off, lessen, let up, decrease, diminish, moderate, decline, fade, dwindle, slacken, recede, cool off, tail off, peter out, taper off, wane, ebb, relent, desist, weaken, become weaker, come to an end
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    1. 1.1[with object]Make (something) less intense.
      ‘nothing abated his crusading zeal’
      • ‘There is a need for a definitive course of action in order to abate this spiralling situation.’
      • ‘It is clear that within the constraints imposed on them, the design team has done everything to ensure that community disruption is abated as much as possible.’
      • ‘There are two approaches to abating these effects.’
      • ‘Space constraint did not abate their zeal to get a glimpse of the amazing cultural divergence of the nation.’
      • ‘He had abated his hunger somewhat, so he put his fork down and turned to the elderly man.’
      • ‘We were both broke and working pub shifts but nothing could abate my appetite for conceiving low budget film ideas.’
      • ‘In the same breath I say the government and police are the ones responsible for solving or abating the situation.’
      • ‘During the mid section of the morning I was able to abate my longing for biscuits by eating a slice of homemade fruit cake (courtesy of Welsh Dad Tony).’
      • ‘Let's work on abating the mosquitoes in this environment.’
      • ‘Surely winning comedy's biggest prize in 1995 must have abated this self-doubt?’
      • ‘As the cast belts out the title song, fears are abated.’
      • ‘He was convincing enough to persuade Wall Street, thus abating the nervousness of the market.’
      • ‘If rich countries want to help abate the impact of the tsunami, why not allow part of that assistance to be in the form of government tax collection?’
      • ‘Surgery on the right ear diminished but did not completely abate her symptoms, so she underwent surgery on the left ear.’
      • ‘Through such ‘friendship,’ egocentrism and superiority are abated.’
      • ‘Friendship improves happiness, and abates misery, by doubling our joy, and dividing our grief.’
      • ‘Widening numbness has abated the pain to his pelvis.’
      • ‘Fat not only abates hunger and satiates, but also is an important endurance exercise fuel.’
      • ‘We did have, however, a small fuel leak, as I mentioned before, and it was abated using layers of foam.’
      • ‘You have abated my rage surpassingly well, and I do not see the need to revive it.’
      lessen, decrease, diminish, subside, moderate, decline, relent, slacken, die down, die off, tail off, taper off, drop away, drop off, peter out
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    2. 1.2Law [with object]Reduce or remove (a nuisance)
      ‘this action would not have been sufficient to abate the odour nuisance’
      • ‘The Committee gave instructions to the electrical engineer to have the nuisance abated.’
      • ‘This defendant was required to abate the nuisance by noise identified in the abatement notice.’
      • ‘The plaintiffs sought an injunction requiring the defendants to abate the nuisance as well as damages.’
      • ‘A distinction is drawn between Abatement Notices which require works to be done and those which merely require the recipient to abate the identified nuisance.’
      • ‘More likely, the city expended no energy abating weed nuisances there.’
      decrease, lessen, diminish, reduce, lower, moderate, ease, soothe, relieve, dampen, calm, tone down, alleviate, mitigate, mollify, allay, assuage, palliate, temper, appease, attenuate
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Middle English (in the legal sense): from Old French abatre to fell, from a- (from Latin ad to, at) + batre to beat (from Latin battere, battuere to beat).