Definition of id in English:



  • The part of the mind in which innate instinctive impulses and primary processes are manifest.

    ‘the conflict between the drives of the id and the demands of the cultural superego’
    Compare with ego and superego
    • ‘This is a fascinating - and at times unintentionally funny - look at egos in collision, ids on the rampage and lives in crisis.’
    • ‘People talked about psychoanalysis - ego and superego and ids and repressed early experiences.’
    • ‘It's just that some of us are better than others at letting our superegos muffle our whiny ids.’
    • ‘Psychologists have long noticed that the combination of distance and pseudoanonymity on the Internet tends to unlock people's ids - hence all the flame wars, the UPPER CASE SHOUTING, and the rampant flirting in chat rooms.’
    • ‘They've been listening to their ids for too long - their inner Sharons.’
    unconscious mind, mind, imagination, inner self, innermost self, self, inner man, inner woman, psyche, ego, superego, true being, essential nature
    View synonyms


1920s: from Latin, literally ‘that’, translating German es. The term was first used in this sense by Freud, following use in a similar sense by his contemporary, Georg Groddeck.