Definition of id in English:



  • The part of the mind in which innate instinctive impulses and primary processes are manifest:

    ‘the conflict between the drives of the id and the demands of the cultural superego’
    Compare with ego and superego
    • ‘It's just that some of us are better than others at letting our superegos muffle our whiny ids.’
    • ‘They've been listening to their ids for too long - their inner Sharons.’
    • ‘People talked about psychoanalysis - ego and superego and ids and repressed early experiences.’
    • ‘This is a fascinating - and at times unintentionally funny - look at egos in collision, ids on the rampage and lives in crisis.’
    • ‘Psychologists have long noticed that the combination of distance and pseudoanonymity on the Internet tends to unlock people's ids - hence all the flame wars, the UPPER CASE SHOUTING, and the rampant flirting in chat rooms.’


1920s: from Latin, literally that, translating German es. The term was first used in this sense by Freud, following use in a similar sense by his contemporary, Georg Groddeck.