Definition of Villafranchian in English:



  • 1Relating to or denoting an age (or stage) in Europe crossing the boundary of the Upper Pliocene and Lower Pleistocene, lasting from about 3 to 1 million years ago.

    • ‘Perhaps the best collection of these Villafranchian animals is contained in the Museum of Geology and Paleontology, a branch of the Florence Museum of Natural History.’
    • ‘In the early Villafranchian age we still see Ursus minimus around, although he has changed a bit.’
    • ‘The medium-height terrace of La Nerthe contains a smaller amount of of Villafranchian pebbles.’
    • ‘The Poggio Rosso fauna, yet to be paleontologically determined, and the other late Villafranchian faunas collected in the Upper Valdarno from the Montevarchi complex fit a similar time span.’
    • ‘The carnivore fauna demonstrates the typical middle Villafranchian association with Homotherium crenatidens, Pliocrocuta perrieri and Nyctereutes megamastoides.’
    1. 1.1The Villafranchian age or stage, or the system of deposits laid down during it.


Late 19th century: from French villafranchien, from Villafranca d'Asti, the village in northern Italy near which exposures of this period occur.