Definition of Venus in English:


proper noun

  • 1Roman Mythology
    A goddess worshipped as the goddess of love in classical Rome. though apparently a spirit of kitchen gardens in earlier times.

    Greek equivalent Aphrodite
    1. 1.1as noun a Venusliterary A beautiful woman.
      • ‘Carter considered his daughter to be a Venus figure, but a girl of ten is more likely to belong to Mercury.’
      • ‘The lover's perception, guided by stories and poetic myths, looks for a Venus in the real woman who is before him.’
      • ‘Faithfull was found wrapped in a bearskin rug - a Venus in furs - which she promptly dropped to the floor.’
      • ‘With incredible rapidity Renoir began painting firm-breasted Venuses on hundreds of vases and plates.’
      • ‘Lacan would have approved of Titian's Venuses.’
      • ‘Each of the primitive-looking Venuses gazed at a raw stone elevated on a nearby pedestal of equal height.’
      beautiful woman, belle, vision, charmer, enchantress, goddess, beauty queen, english rose, picture, seductress
      View synonyms
  • 2Astronomy
    The second planet from the sun in the solar system, the brightest celestial object after the sun and moon and frequently appearing in the twilight sky as the evening or morning star.

    Venus orbits between Mercury and the earth at an average distance of 108 million km from the sun. It is almost equal in size to the earth, with a diameter of 12,104 km, and shows phases similar to the moon. The planet is completely covered by clouds consisting chiefly of sulphuric acid droplets, and no surface detail can be seen by telescope. There is a dense atmosphere of carbon dioxide, which traps the heat of the sun by the greenhouse effect to produce a surface temperature of 460°C. The planet has no natural satellite

  • 3A burrowing marine bivalve mollusc with clearly defined growth lines on the shell.

    Venus, Venerupis, and other genera, family Veneridae

    • ‘An excellent eating clam, Venus clams are slightly larger and more economical than Manilas or Little Necks.’
    • ‘At night paddle crabs roam the sand, breaking into thick-shelled bivalves like the tuatua and the Venus shell.’
    • ‘The quahog is a Venus clam, the most diverse mollusc family.’
    • ‘The saffron ladened spaghetti is topped with the outer ring of tomatoes and two Venus clams out of shell.’
    • ‘It shows a dense arrangement of gill filaments, which in clams like the Venus clam here shown are grouped into similar, multiple folds.’
    • ‘Far fewer numbers of Venus shells, whether ancient or contemporary, show signs of predation.’