Main definitions of valerian in English

: valerian1Valerian2

valerian1

noun

  • 1A Eurasian plant which typically bears clusters of small pink or white flowers.

    • ‘The herbs chamomile, valerian, yarrow, nettle, comfrey and dandelion can help make a success of your compost heap.’
    • ‘Unless it's the drug-like catnips and valerians, most cats ignore growing things.’
    • ‘A huge number of red and white valerian seedlings have germinated and are waiting to be thinned out, which is a bit of a chore but worth it for their frothy pink and white flowers.’
    • ‘Plant red valerian and centranthus, with their domes of nectar-rich flowers against walls or in cracks and crevices.’
    • ‘Down by the pool, sown among the large white rocks that were dug out of the hillside to accommodate it, are white valerians, more grasses, lavenders and sages.’
    1. 1.1mass noun A drug obtained from the root of common valerian, used as a sedative and antispasmodic.
      • ‘Only one independent group has tested valerian.’
      • ‘An alternative remedy for insomnia is valerian, a herbal medicine that has some reported positive effects but has not been exhaustively clinically investigated.’
      • ‘In animal and clinical studies, valerian has proven to act as a mild sedative and tranquilizer, thereby aiding sleep, even among chronic pain sufferers.’
      • ‘Take 75 mg of kava-kava or 150 to 300 mg of valerian, both in capsule form.’
      • ‘Unlike synthetic sedatives, valerian is not considered addictive.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French valeriane, from medieval Latin valeriana (herba), apparently the feminine of Valerianus ‘of Valerius’ (a personal name).

Pronunciation

valerian

/vəˈlɪərɪən/

Main definitions of valerian in English

: valerian1Valerian2

Valerian2

proper noun

  • (d.260), Roman emperor 253–60; Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianius. He renewed the persecution of the Christians initiated by Decius.

Pronunciation

Valerian

/vəˈlɪərɪən/