Definition of Turk in English:



  • 1A native or inhabitant of Turkey, or a person of Turkish descent.

    • ‘The Turks, the Turkish government will strongly oppose that.’
    • ‘He recalled life under the Turks and the British.’
    • ‘Growing up in the inner city in Melbourne, our neighbours consisted mainly of Greeks, Italians, some Turks and later, Lebanese.’
    • ‘Turkey and Turks have an historical responsibility for region and us.’
    • ‘He currently has an office staff made up of two Americans, two Germans, two Turks, two Brazilians and two Greeks.’
    • ‘Other groups include Germans, Gypsies, Romanians, Slovenians, and Turks.’
    • ‘The shared part of the Armenian diet is the Mediterranean foods widely familiar among Arabs, Turks, Greeks.’
    • ‘The treaty only served to anger the nationalist Turks who sought to overturn it.’
  • 2historical A member of any of the ancient central Asian peoples who spoke Turkic languages, including the Seljuks and Ottomans.

    • ‘All trade in Greek wine ceased in the late 15th century, when, after the fall of Byzantium, the Ottoman Turks occupied the Peloponnesian shore and drove out its inhabitants.’
    • ‘Under the Ottoman Turks, the bridge created ease of trade and mutual contact between Catholic, Serbian Orthodox and Muslim communities.’
    • ‘The Field of Blackbirds marked the spot where Serbs and Ottoman Turks had fought themselves to a bloody standstill in the 14th century.’
    • ‘The history of rise and decay repeated itself after the Osmanli Turks appeared on the scene.’
    • ‘In 1526, a young Hungarian king fell in a battle with the Ottoman Turks.’
  • 3archaic A member of the ruling Muslim population of the Ottoman Empire.

    • ‘The Druze had been fighting the ruling Ottoman Turks for two hundred years.’
    • ‘In 1396, the Bulgarians were conquered by the Ottoman Turks, a Muslim people.’


Late Middle English: via Old French from Turkish türk.