Definition of Taoism in English:


(also Daoism)


mass noun
  • A Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-tzu, advocating humility and religious piety.

    • ‘The Vietnamese people adhere to a syncretic religious tradition that is a mixture of Mahayana Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism.’
    • ‘The roots of Japanese mythology are in the Shinto religion, in Taoism and in Zen Buddhism alike.’
    • ‘He was an ordained Episcopal priest who wrote a great deal about Taoism (and Eastern philosophy in general).’
    • ‘In the Mahayana school, Buddhism incorporated Chinese Taoism and eventually evolved into Ch'an, or better yet known as Zen in Japan.’
    • ‘The guqin music was also influenced by Chinese philosophies including Confucianism and Taoism.’
    • ‘The Chinese philosophy of Taoism looked inward, seeking harmony with nature.’
    • ‘Later I read about other religions and found that Taoism most closely reflected my own beliefs, but I wasn't drawn to it.’
    • ‘Most Chinese residents practice Chinese folk religion which is an amalgam of Taoism, Buddhism, and ancestor worship.’
    • ‘As I came from a Yang Ban family, I had an interest in Taoism, Chundoism and Christianity.’
    • ‘Zen is a synthesis of Indian Buddhism and Chinese Taoism.’
    • ‘The goal of Taoism is to live in harmony with nature by learning to balance the complementary forces of Yin and Yang which are believed to pervade the universe.’
    • ‘The Taoism that most people would be familiar with would centre on a text known as The Book of the Way and its Power or some form of that.’
    • ‘Historically, Buddhism reached different regions at different times, and its evolution has been eclectic, often mingling with Taoism and Confucianism.’
    • ‘In the spiritual traditions of China, Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism, practices and disciplines for refinement of the spirit are common.’
    • ‘Confucianism blamed Taoist philosophy of escapism, while Taoism responded by deeming Confucianism as escapist from one's true nature.’
    • ‘Confucianism, Taoism, and shamanism have also influenced Japanese religion.’
    • ‘Chinese Indonesians brought Buddhism to Indonesia, along with Taoism and Confucianism.’
    • ‘Buddhism coexisted with archaic Hinduism in India and Sri Lanka, Taoism and Confucianism in China, the Bon religion in Tibet, and Shinto in Japan.’
    • ‘In terms of the philosophy of Taoism, those who seek to enslave others in such a manner have most definitely departed from the ‘way’.’
    • ‘The revival of Confucius mirrors the return of other traditional belief systems and religions such as Taoism and Buddhism.’

The central concept and goal is the Tao, and its most important text is the Tao-te-Ching. Taoism has both a philosophical and a religious aspect. Philosophical Taoism emphasizes inner contemplation and mystical union with nature; wisdom, learning, and purposive action should be abandoned in favour of simplicity and wu-wei (non-action, or letting things take their natural course). The religious aspect of Taoism developed later, c.3rd century AD, incorporating certain Buddhist features and developing a monastic system