Definition of Switzerland in English:


proper noun

  • A mountainous, landlocked country in central Europe; population 8,300,000 (estimated 2015); official languages, French, German, Italian, and Romansh; capital, Berne.

    French name Suisse, German name Schweiz, Italian name Svizzera; also called by its Latin name Helvetia

Switzerland emerged as an independent country in the 14th and 15th centuries, when the states or cantons formed a confederation to defeat first their Habsburg overlords and then their Burgundian neighbours. After a period of French domination (1798–1815) the Swiss Confederation's neutrality was guaranteed by the other European powers. Neutral in both world wars, Switzerland has emerged as an international financial centre and as the headquarters of several international organizations such as the Red Cross