Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1British A large, round yellow-fleshed root which is eaten as a vegetable.Also called rutabaga in North America
- ‘A modest blob of piping hot swede holds the heat for ages and is brilliant for making sure the plate and the meat stay warm to the table.’
- ‘My lamb was excellent, the meat tasty and perfectly-cooked, on a bed of couscous with chunks of veg including swede and peppers, again perfectly-done, mixed in with it.’
- ‘The dish of vegetables that accompanied our meal was generous, too: roasted and boiled potatoes, swede, green beans, carrots and mange-tout: all freshly cooked and all managing to retain their flavour.’
- ‘Some grass is grown on the farm for hay or silage, together with swede, turnip or kale for winter forage because grass growth declines drastically in the winter.’
- ‘Peel the celeriac and cut it into 0.5cm cubes, like a swede.’
- ‘Steve Habgood was selling parsnips, artichokes, potatoes and swedes grown at Purton House Organic Farm.’
- ‘My colleague selected honey-glazed pork in garlic, together with roast potatoes, sprouts and diced swede, advertised at £3.65.’
- ‘Sarah had kedgeree which looked gorgeous but I didn't taste it, and Peter had pot-roasted lamb with swede.’
- ‘All the main courses came with vegetables, on this occasion garden peas, sugar snap peas, swede batons and new potatoes.’
- ‘He consumes processed seeds such as wheat and soya; roots such as potatoes, turnips, and swedes; plus a wide variety of leaves from cabbages to spinach.’
- ‘Not knowing how large our portions would be, we ordered side dishes of new potatoes and glazed carrots and swedes.’
- ‘Finely dice the onion, and cut the potato and swede into 1cm pieces.’
- ‘Steam them for mash (butter, salt, maybe some fried onions on top) or add them to the vegetable basics of a stew (carrot, swede, celery and onion) and let their sweetness flavour the broth.’
- ‘Then parsnips, onions, carrots, swedes, chestnuts, haricot beans or split peas, a garlic clove.’
- ‘Root vegetables such as turnips, swedes and potatoes can last for months if kept in the dark.’
- ‘We picked potatoes, carrots, peas and swedes for the farmers, wild brambles and mushrooms for the pantry and rose hips for vitamin C syrup.’
- ‘I'll be eating turkey, Brussel sprouts, swedes, potatoes, gravy and a couple of glasses of wine and a glass of beer.’
- ‘Thicken soups and casseroles with puréed vegetables such as potato, swedes, onions and carrots.’
- ‘Terry's tamarind oxtail braised with dates and lychees came with Southland swede.’
- ‘It comes into its own when mashed and mixed with carrot or swede.’
2The European plant of the cabbage family which produces the swede.
- ‘There were no song birds and the only sound was the gentle rustle of a light breeze through the stiff orderly lines of cabbages, swedes and turnips.’
- ‘Not one of the principal human or animal food plants of Ireland is a native. Cabbage, turnip, carrot, swede, beet, wheat, barley, potato, tomato - all are introductions from abroad.’
- ‘Sue is particularly proud of her marigolds but also grows broad beans, beetroot, carrots, swede, cabbage, onions, potatoes and lettuce, which helps keep the shopping bills down.’
- ‘Some schemes buy in imported stuff during lean periods, which is just as well or it could be a winter of swede and cabbage.’
- ‘Plant swede and kale in the spring for grazing in November and December.’
- ‘The bad summer may have left most of us depressed, but Bord Glas says vegetables like carrots, cabbage, cauliflower, swede and broccoli are all in season.’
- ‘Farmers are experiencing buoyant demand for cauliflowers, sprouts and swedes as families shop for the freshest, top quality veg to accompany their roast turkey.’
- ‘The company also produces bulb onions, parsnips, leeks, endives, lettuce, broccoli, cauliflowers, cabbage, swede and about five per cent of Britain's asparagus crop.’
- ‘In contrast to California's current Spring bounty, all that is on offer at this time of year are apples, pears, cauliflower, leeks, carrots, purple sprouting, cabbages, swedes and a few sprouts.’
- ‘What she misses is the days when you could go into your local greengrocer to be confronted by heaps of fresh cauliflowers and swedes recently plucked from the earth by local farmers.’
- ‘You won't find seedlings of swedes and turnips in your garden centre, so planting seeds are the go.’
Early 19th century: from Swede, being first introduced into Scotland from Sweden in 1781–2.
A native or inhabitant of Sweden, or a person of Swedish descent.
- ‘To an outsider it seems self-evident which way the Danes and the Swedes must vote in their referenda.’
- ‘The competition for the purest vodka is now a two-horse race between the Swedes and the Finns.’
- ‘On the scorched earth at Wimbledon, the progress of a young Swede had enthralled the nation.’
- ‘Do you realize that among the dead and missing are 20,000 Swedes and over 3,000 Americans?’
- ‘The Danes and the Swedes are picking up the bills for their royals while they are here.’
- ‘The Spanish, Swedes, Danes and Italians are also expected to back the proposals.’
- ‘Wearing a wad of knee strapping that an Egyptian mummy would consider excessive, the Swede was not to be properly tested.’
- ‘You have to think that a team made up of Swedes, Spaniards and all the rest is fairly diverse in terms of temperament and personality.’
- ‘Over here there's a few Swedes and Finns discussing strategy in their native tongues.’
- ‘If they go on preaching this doctrine, the Germans will get a bomb, then the Swedes, then the Israelis.’
- ‘As a consequence, the Swedish Rally is the only remaining event that has yet to be won by anyone but a Swede or a Finn.’
- ‘A Swedish man made history yesterday as the first Swede charged with file sharing.’
- ‘Language is not a barrier either, as most Swedes and Danes speak very good English.’
- ‘The British, Dutch and Swedes were all firmly opposed to starting talks now.’
- ‘Payne was the sole British player on a leaderboard entirely dominated by Swedes.’
- ‘We are a six-man team up against the Swiss, Austrians, Swedes and Italians among others.’
- ‘Since the Swede's command of the national team it has enjoyed a fair modicum of success, but only results-wise.’
- ‘The Swedes and Finns have been harvesting forest biomass to use as energy since the 1970s.’
- ‘Wouldn't it be great if the Swedes or the Czechs or the Slovaks had to knock us off our style of game for them to have any chance of beating us?’
- ‘Danes and Swedes are among the greatest enthusiasts for plaice, and the former at least prefer to buy their plaice alive.’
From Middle Low German and Middle Dutch Swēde, probably from Old Norse Svíthjóth, from Svíar ‘Swedes’ + thjóth ‘people’.
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