Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

spartan1

adjective

  • Showing or characterized by austerity or a lack of comfort or luxury.

    ‘the accommodation was fairly spartan’
    • ‘The two designs have sometimes been construed as representing a disconcerting shift from the spartan to the lavish.’
    • ‘My room reminds me of some apartments I lived in as a much younger man: spartan, white-washed, built around the time my parents were teenagers.’
    • ‘The furnishing is spartan but includes an immense grandfather clock which strikes the hour with a shattering noise.’
    • ‘The bed, spartan nightstand, and two chairs seemed enough.’
    • ‘Use this spartan, but functional online viewer.’
    • ‘It's a spartan, occasionally pretentious piece of work, but more than redeemed by two elegant central performances.’
    • ‘It's a sparse, spartan film, especially in its Scottish scenes and has none of the warmth of Ramsay's engaging debut, Ratcatcher.’
    • ‘Beeston never had palatial buildings, and throughout the C13 - C14 it remained a military base, spartan but potentially effective.’
    • ‘My first impression that there was something disconcertingly spartan about the room was reinforced after a bit of tortured thought.’
    • ‘The lack of decent furnishings gave the apartment a spartan look.’
    • ‘Living conditions were harsh and spartan with many families living in humpies or tents.’
    • ‘The words spartan and bare did not even begin to describe the place Taro called home.’
    • ‘The moon peers through the bare window with a spartan offering of light.’
    • ‘The interior of the shuttle was spartan in design - a comcen, which he glimpsed as they moved him into the back.’
    • ‘Between 3,000 and 5,000 years old, these trees are testimony to spartan living under harsh conditions.’
    • ‘Schmidt is potentially a cold character, spartan with words and frugal with money.’
    • ‘The dining room, not exactly spartan but simpler than most of Starck's restaurant interiors, is high enough to afford fine westerly views upriver to the City and beyond.’
    • ‘What lets it down is the over-egged direction which works against the spartan plot.’
    • ‘Because it is such a spartan environment and lacks significant variation or detail, it lends itself readily to imaginative transformation.’
    • ‘Inside, he was relieved to discover, the ambience was not quite so discouragingly spartan as outside.’
    austere, harsh, hard, frugal, stringent, rigorous, arduous, strict, stern, severe, rigid
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Spartan, because the inhabitants of Sparta were traditionally held to be indifferent to comfort or luxury.

Pronunciation

spartan

/ˈspɑːt(ə)n/

Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan2

noun

  • A citizen of Sparta.

    • ‘The Spartans were the Dorian inhabitants of a Greek city-state in the Peloponnese that for many centuries was one of the greatest of Greek powers.’
    • ‘Athens was no longer the center of Hellenic civilization, having been defeated by the Spartans.’
    • ‘At the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War the Spartans slew any trader they caught sailing around their coast line, irrespective of their ethnicity.’
    • ‘Although the Spartans extended their territory, they did not extend their citizenship.’
    • ‘The Helots, and the Spartans ' severe treatment of them, at first puzzled and later disturbed the more sensitive Greek observers.’
    • ‘The Athenians were surprised by the Corinthians and Spartans, and the fleet was almost completely destroyed.’
    • ‘Before the wolves can get him, however, he is rescued by a wise old shepherd and brought up as a helot, one of the aboriginal population the Spartans have enslaved.’
    • ‘The Spartans viewed themselves as the true inheritors of the Greek tradition.’
    • ‘The Spartans finally won through Lysander's abilities as a general and his friendship with Cyrus, the son of the Persian King, who financed the Spartan navy more regularly and fully than it had been.’

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspɑːt(ə)n/

Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan3

adjective

  • Relating to Sparta in ancient Greece.

    • ‘While Athenian forces made raids and even established small coastal bases in Spartan territory, these forays were unable to inflict sufficient damage to aid the Athenian fight.’
    • ‘It was a loving, if somewhat Spartan, upbringing.’
    • ‘Of course, she is Spartan and your people rarely expose any weakness, even under the blade of a knife.’
    • ‘Those two aspects of Spartan culture and society by themselves make Sparta worthy of our continued study, but they far from exhaust Sparta's fascination.’
    • ‘Did you know that Spartan boys training to be officers in their army were partnered up with a full-grown male ‘mentor’, and essentially made to be his wife for ten years?’
    • ‘The tuition in obedience that I received as a boy was too severe, too Spartan to be imposed upon Athenians.’
    • ‘Obviously, a democratic society or its subunits could decide to lead as Spartan an existence as they wanted.’
    • ‘To be Spartan meant to be tough.’
    • ‘Jacomus drew his sword and plunged into battle with Spartan zeal.’
    • ‘How can you claim to be Spartan if you can't keep up?’
    • ‘A man in Spartan uniform stepped from the trees.’
    • ‘Thaddeus epitomized a Spartan athlete of ancient times, as did his older brother, Dmitri.’
    • ‘Throughout this ordeal he maintained a personal diary which records, in language of Spartan simplicity, the daily struggle against disease, cruelty, hopelessness, and death.’
    • ‘At first he danced a solid, Spartan dance, then a rather more fey Athenian dance.’
    • ‘There boys and girls alike competed naked, which got Spartan maidens the reputation for being rather fast.’
    • ‘First of all, training is to be Spartan.’
    • ‘The first was during the Peloponnesian wars and was fought between a largely Spartan and Tegeate army, and a combined army consisting largely of Mantineians, Argives, and Athenians.’
    • ‘They were considered as mothers to all Spartan soldiers.’
    • ‘Let me therefore first expand a little on Greek, and especially Spartan, competitiveness, and then on Greek, and especially Spartan, attitudes to and practices of freedom.’
    • ‘The military structure of Spartan society was shaped by the necessity of holding down the helot class that did all the actual work.’
    • ‘The combination of this ideology, the education of Spartan males, and the disciplined maintenance of a standing army gave the Spartans much needed stability.’
    • ‘The only concession to this classically Spartan regime is that each spectator may bring in one bottle of water - size is not specified.’
    • ‘With the collapse of Spartan hegemony in 371, the fragmentation of Greece was such that it became harder to find allies than to hire troops.’
    • ‘When I started, cruisers always bragged about being tough and Spartan.’
    • ‘My jaw literally dropped as the girl started picking out books about ancient Spartan history - senior school work.’
    • ‘What happened to Thebes is indeed a clear sign that it was Spartan rather than Persian interests that determined the nature of the King's Peace.’
    • ‘On the other hand, Spartan isolationism appeared as a direct threat to Athens.’
    • ‘Though born lame in one leg, and displaying a streak of romanticism, Agesilaus was typically Spartan in his qualities and limitations.’
    • ‘Tough and Spartan in his habits, he was also a keen rambler, and it was through the Ramblers Association that he met his companion Hazel Weatherhead.’
    • ‘The aim of their lessons is Spartan: the Tigers hope to turn the children into " committed freedom fighters, and upright leaders of tomorrow ".’
    • ‘Google Talk is Spartan in the way that the Lacedemonians were Spartan: it seems ancient!’
    painful, not comfortable, intolerable, unbearable, disagreeable, excruciating, agonizing, confining, cramped
    View synonyms

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspɑːt(ə)n/

Main definitions of spartan in English

: spartan1Spartan2Spartan3

Spartan

noun

  • A Canadian dessert apple of a variety with crisp white flesh and maroon-flushed yellow skin.

Pronunciation

Spartan

/ˈspɑːt(ə)n/