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1A member of a West African people living in Mali and Senegal.
- ‘From the 3rd to 7th centuries, the migration of Berber tribes from North Africa displaced the Bafours, the original inhabitants of present-day Mauritania and the ancestors of the Soninke.’
- ‘Some slaves were light-skinned, and Mauritania's black ethnic groups such as the Soninkes or Hal-Pulaars also kept slaves.’
- ‘Religious wars raged between militant Muslims known as the Marabouts and nonbelievers (known in The Gambia as Soninkes).’
- ‘The term ‘Mande’ frequently refers to a group of closely related languages spoken by the Malinke and other west African peoples such as the Bambara, the Soninke, and the Dyula.’
- ‘Even the Soninke - who practice double descent - have developed a bias toward the patriline.’
2mass noun The language of the Soninke, which belongs to the Mande group and has about 1 million speakers.
- ‘Mali has fifteen national languages: Bamana, Bobo, Bozo, Dogon, Juula, Fulfulde, Khassonke, Malinke, Maure, Minianka, Senufo, Soninke, Songhai, Tuareg, and Tukulor.’
- ‘Black Africans' determination to resist Arabization resulted in the official recognition of Fulani, Soninke, and Wolof as national languages in 1980.’
Relating to the Soninke or their language.
- ‘Embodying the ‘Islamic way of life’, boubous are worn by Hausa, Fulani, and Soninke merchants.’
- ‘The Ghana Empire, dominated by the Soninke or Saracolé people and centered in the area along the Malian-Mauritanian frontier, was a powerful trading state from about A.D. 700 to 1075.’
The name in Soninke.
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