Main definitions of shiva in English

: shiva1Shiva2

shiva1

(also shivah)

noun

mass nounJudaism
  • A period of seven days' formal mourning for the dead, beginning immediately after the funeral.

    ‘Jews sit shiva for those who die’
    • ‘A death is followed by a mourning period of seven days, a process called sitting shiva, during which friends and relatives pay visits to the family of the deceased and bring food.’
    • ‘My husband and I immediately decided to invite her to sit shiva in our home.’
    • ‘Upon hearing the news, the families began sitting shiva, the Jewish mourning ritual.’
    • ‘After shiva, my wife went to shul every day to say Kaddish.’
    • ‘The shiva was the worst period, the shloshim was very hard, and this stage is bad.’
    grief, grieving, sorrowing, lamentation, lament, keening, wailing, weeping
    View synonyms

Origin

From Hebrew šiḇ‘āh ‘seven’.

Pronunciation

shiva

/ˈʃɪvə//ˈʃiːvə/

Main definitions of shiva in English

: shiva1Shiva2

Shiva2

(also Siva)

proper noun

Hinduism
  • A god associated with the powers of reproduction and dissolution.

Shiva is regarded by some as the supreme being and by others as forming a triad with Brahma and Vishnu. He is worshipped in many aspects: as destroyer, ascetic, lord of the cosmic dance, and lord of beasts, and through the symbolic lingam. His wife is Parvati

Origin

From Sanskrit Śiva, literally ‘the auspicious one’.

Pronunciation

Shiva

/ˈʃɪvə//ˈʃiːvə/