Definition of Romanesque in English:



  • Relating to a style of architecture which prevailed in Europe c.900–1200, although sometimes dated back to the end of the Roman Empire (5th century).

    • ‘Although generally Italianate, it could also borrow from Romanesque prototypes that preserved the round arches and the basic vocabulary of parts familiar from antiquity.’
    • ‘The church shows hallmarks of Modernism, but its monumental blocky forms, especially on the east end, have much in common with eleventh-century Romanesque churches.’
    • ‘The symmetry, smooth finish of the stones, and the perfectly proportional square belltower with Romanesque arcades creates a pleasing image of quiet unity.’
    • ‘Much of the rich bounty of Romanesque buildings suffered the depredations of war and, though there are exceptions, most buildings were left derelict or were reconstructed in the nineteenth century or later.’
    • ‘There is, however, no actual Romanesque architecture in Estonia.’
    • ‘After 1066 French-style castles and Romanesque churches were erected on such a prodigious scale that the mark on the English landscape can still be seen today.’
    • ‘Churches too were built in great numbers, and in great variety although sharing the Romanesque style with its characteristic round-topped arches.’
    • ‘The library was constructed along Romanesque lines with a central ‘nave’ bisected toward the far end by a perpendicular transept and separated vertically into two tiers by a wooden balcony.’
    • ‘The current site was exchanged for land that housed the town's original 1899 Romanesque style synagogue (destroyed by the Nazis).’
    • ‘Somewhat church-like, this space has appropriately been used to accommodate religious and monumental objects of stone, such as Roman funerary inscriptions and Romanesque capitals from lost churches.’
    • ‘One of Fehn's principal problems has been to reconcile the Romanesque scale of the structure with that of delicate optical apparatus.’
    • ‘In the sixteenth century the new towns on the Spanish islands were a compilation of mixed styles dominated by the plateresque style, although there were also many Gothic and Romanesque elements.’
    • ‘William also brought with him the Norman church, with its Romanesque church architecture and its reforming spirit.’
    • ‘During the following two centuries the monumental Romanesque style was developed under the patronage of wealthy religious foundations, with many distinctive regional variants reflecting local tastes, needs, and materials.’
    • ‘The first bricks were laid around the year 1200 and the original church, built in the Romanesque style, was completed around 1300.’
    • ‘Then, after being influenced by Romanesque sculpture and German Expressionism on a visit to Europe in the late 1920s, his work displayed increasingly violent distortion and by 1940 he had practically reached abstraction.’
    • ‘The 157-acre campus is a mix of late - 19 th-century Romanesque architecture, mature shade trees, and vast lawns.’


  • [mass noun] Romanesque architecture.

    • ‘Winchester, for example, was designed to include all the latest features of both French and German Romanesque.’
    • ‘The Romanesque signaled venerable ancientness and might well have been combined with more up-to-date Italianate features in the formation of a retroactive antique style.’
    • ‘The style of architecture invariably adopted in building works was the Norman, or Romanesque, so called because it referred back to the classical forms used in Ancient Rome.’
    • ‘The Gothic of course was one of those real turning points in style and aspiration: it marked a break with the Romanesque that started a movement which, in the thirteenth century, spread the new art all over Western Europe.’
    • ‘Norman architecture is also referred to as Romanesque because it was influenced in turn by the Ancient Romans.’
    • ‘From Romanesque and Gothic to cubist and functionalist, the Czech Republic capital is one of the few cities where so many diverse forms of architectural expression coexist comfortably.’
    • ‘The Benedictine abbey is long gone but the eleventh-century church remains, and is one of the finest survivors of the Romanesque in France.’
    • ‘In art and architecture, Catalonia is especially prominent in connection with two widely separated periods: Romanesque, and modernist.’


French, from roman romance.