Definition of Purkinje cell in English:

Purkinje cell


  • A nerve cell of a large, branched type found in the cortex of the cerebellum.

    • ‘About 0.1% of the Purkinje cells in the cerebellar samples had clearly come from donated bone marrow: they contained a Y chromosome.’
    • ‘The hallmark histologic finding is the presence of eosinophilic intracytoplasmic round to oval inclusions commonly seen within cerebellar Purkinje cell neurons and pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus.’
    • ‘They receive the axons of the 15 million Purkinje cells, the largest cells in the cortex.’
    • ‘Some types of neurons, such as Purkinje cells of the cerebellum, do not contain pigment granules.’
    • ‘The two most common locations for Negri bodies are in hippocampus and Purkinje cells in cerebellum.’


Mid 19th century: named after Jan E. Purkinje (1787–1869), Bohemian physiologist.


Purkinje cell