Definition of Purkinje cell in English:

Purkinje cell

noun

Anatomy
  • A nerve cell of a large, branched type found in the cortex of the cerebellum.

    • ‘Some types of neurons, such as Purkinje cells of the cerebellum, do not contain pigment granules.’
    • ‘The two most common locations for Negri bodies are in hippocampus and Purkinje cells in cerebellum.’
    • ‘About 0.1% of the Purkinje cells in the cerebellar samples had clearly come from donated bone marrow: they contained a Y chromosome.’
    • ‘They receive the axons of the 15 million Purkinje cells, the largest cells in the cortex.’
    • ‘The hallmark histologic finding is the presence of eosinophilic intracytoplasmic round to oval inclusions commonly seen within cerebellar Purkinje cell neurons and pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: named after Jan E. Purkinje (1787–1869), Bohemian physiologist.

Pronunciation:

Purkinje cell

/pəːˈkɪndʒi/