Definition of Punjabi in English:

Punjabi

(also Panjabi)

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of Punjab.

    • ‘The Punjabis and the Gujaratis dominate the Indian population, between them accounting for almost three quarter of all Indians.’
    • ‘Slated as the most important annual event for the Punjabi community in Delhi, it is also one of the most eagerly awaited television events for Punjabis all over the globe.’
    • ‘They simply don't have the skills or education to compete with the Punjabis, with their money and business instincts and garish, brightly-lit shops.’
    • ‘The South Indian has a generally prejudiced view of Punjabis and Punjabi culture.’
    • ‘In spite of their common cultural heritage, Punjabis are now either Indians or Pakistanis by nationality.’
    • ‘Pakistan was divided into two portions: West Pakistan (containing Pathans, Panjabis, Beluchis) & East Pakistan (containing the Bengalis).’
    • ‘Bhangra legend Gurdas Maan is known for his hard-hitting songs about young Punjabis losing touch with their culture, and other sensitive issues such as political and religious corruption.’
    • ‘The Balochi nationalists have been critical of the induction of a large number of Punjabis and Pashtuns into the province to work in this project.’
    • ‘We noticed that Badshah Khan's references to the Pakhtuns' neighbours - Punjabis in Pakistan, Tajiks in Afghanistan, and Iranians - were not always magnanimous.’
    • ‘Significantly, half of the one lakh Indians here are Punjabis, comprising 35,000 Sikhs.’
    • ‘The group would first use local Kashmiri militants only as helpers and guides and would keep both the armed operations as well as leadership with non-local cadre generally Punjabis from Pakistan.’
    • ‘The Bengalis of East Pakistan were encouraged, in fact forced, to secede from Pakistan because with them around, the Punjabis stood no chance of calling the shots in a united Pakistan.’
    • ‘This book, would prove to be a great help to research scholars, and would help acquaint modern Punjabis with a person who left a lasting impact on society.’
    • ‘For all this and more, it has been the collective failure of all Punjabis - we the people, the politicians and the bureaucracy.’
    • ‘Unlike Punjabis or Gujaratis, Malayalis could never settle down in a place away from their homeland.’
    • ‘In fact, the Punjabis are no longer considered outsiders, Punjabi signboards are seen even at the British High Commission visa gate.’
    • ‘While the Chief Minister has taken a bold stand, it remains to be seen if the Congress, which had always harmed the interests of the Punjabis, will actually work for the welfare of the state, he pointed out.’
    • ‘Troubles, of course, were not new to Punjab or the Punjabis.’
    • ‘At just about this time, a young man in Delhi was setting about spreading musical literacy among his fellow Punjabis - while not necessarily excluding the rest of creation.’
    • ‘Even racial and ethnic subgroups divide along rigid lines - as with Sikhs or Hindus or Punjabis among the large Indian American community, or by class or immigrant status.’
  • 2[mass noun] The Indic language of Punjab, spoken by over 92 million people.

    • ‘The phrasebook, produced by the British Red Cross Society for hospitals in England, is translated into 36 languages including Punjabi, Japanese, Swahili and Welsh.’
    • ‘Sales manager for an online recruitment company Facts: She runs marathons, loves diving and speaks four Asian languages: Urdu, Bahri, Punjabi and Hindi.’
    • ‘Gurmukhi is not only used by Sikhs but by Hindus as well as Muslims living in Punjab to represent their common spoken language, Punjabi.’
    • ‘Flight attendants speaking Hindi and Punjabi will be available on the flights.’
    • ‘An additional 439,239 people reported speaking other Indic languages, such as Punjabi, Bengali and Malayalam.’
    • ‘Two thirds of the pupils speak Urdu or Punjabi as their mother tongue.’
    • ‘The charity has staff who can speak various languages including Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati and Chinese.’
    • ‘‘I will be able to let people know that I will be there at screenings to explain what is going on’ said Baljeet, who speaks Urdu, Punjabi and Hindi.’
    • ‘Mr Meer said many of the trainees spoke Urdu and Punjabi, which helped them communicate with the mainly Asian residents.’
    • ‘At the Sikh Sunday school, students learn to read and write Punjabi, the language of the Punjab region of India, where Sikhism was born.’
    • ‘They even went to the extent of declaring that Punjabi is not a language but a dialect of Hindi.’
    • ‘But you know, we were speaking in Punjabi, and Punjabi is such a language that even when you have a normal conversation in it, it sounds heated.’
    • ‘The team members, who between them can speak Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali and Hindi, are based at St John's health centre in Halifax and work throughout the Calderdale area.’
    • ‘The plans would mean teachers speaking community languages like Urdu, Punjabi and Bangladeshi would be given preference when applying for jobs, and school notices and letters home would be translated.’
    • ‘Shah, who serves with the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit, speaks not two or three but six languages - English, Hindi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Urdu and Pashto.’
    • ‘While reading novels of Kanwal and Gurdial Singh, he could not always understand Malwai (a dialect of Punjabi spoken in the Malwa region) words.’
    • ‘Mrs Kaur, who used to work at the family plumbing business Basi Gas on Leeds Road, speaks Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi and said cancer is still a taboo subject for some Asian people.’
    • ‘Pupil Rida Munir, six, yesterday proudly told of how she could speak three languages, Punjabi, Urdu and English.’
    • ‘The most-requested languages so far are Asian and European languages such as Punjabi, Hindi, French, Portuguese and German.’
    • ‘They're doing them in Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Greek, Gujurati, French, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu, Turkish, Vietnamese and Spanish.’
  • 3A long kurta (loose collarless shirt).

    • ‘The better-educated wear a collarless, tunic-length shirt known as a punjabi and pyjamas (loose cotton trousers).’
    • ‘In India this is generally not acceptable as jeans are too tight; women must wear the traditional sari or salwaar kameeze / punjabi suit.’
    • ‘Village men usually go shirtless but on occasion may put on a vest or a long shirt called a punjabi as an upper garment.’

adjective

  • Relating to Punjab or its people or language.

    • ‘Soundtrack music is popular, and the Indian Punjab even has a small film industry producing feature films in the Punjabi language.’
    • ‘The annual Kavi Darbar event, a celebration of Punjabi language, art and culture takes place on Sunday.’
    • ‘I told him I would, and soon played Sukhbir & Daler Mehndi - that's Punjabi bhangra that pretty much never fails with the the older folks.’
    • ‘Connoisseurs of the cuisine say that the gravy component of Punjabi food came from the Mughals, the most popular example being ‘murgh makhani’ with its delicate flavour.’
    • ‘The more traditional bhangra artists, even those who live outside India, believe that the music should be used as a vehicle to encourage the younger generation to learn Punjabi, and sustain their interest in Punjabi culture.’
    • ‘The Glasgow Gender Clinic has specifically targeted its marketing at Scottish Asians with ads in the Punjabi language paper Des Prades promising couples an 80% chance of having a son.’
    • ‘As Jess's big final match approaches, it lands on the same day as her eldest sister, Pinky's wedding, which is all set to be a massive affair like all traditional Punjabi weddings.’
    • ‘A University of British Columbia instructor is embarking on an ambitious campaign to elevate the status of the Punjabi language within Canada.’
    • ‘We have mixed Punjabi rhythm with an African beat and rock and roll,’ he says.’
    • ‘The menu enfolds Kashmir classics such as dhaniwal murg, Rajasthani dishes such as ghatte ka saag, Avadhi delights such as kakori kebab and murg shahajani and Punjabi khana such as rara ghosht.’
    • ‘Remarking on yet another quirky Punjabi penchant, the authors say that Punjabis obviously considered it illogical and unnecessary to use plural number for nouns representing single objects.’
    • ‘Two newspapers under the title Ghadar, one in the Punjabi language and the other in Urdu were started by this association, which helped awaken national feelings amongst the immigrants.’
    • ‘Jamavar's exquisite Punjabi menu features delicacies such as Kharore Da Shorba, a ginger-garlic flavoured lamb trotter soup, a variation of our own paya.’
    • ‘There are many Punjabi singers who are from Canada, but we will definitely make a mark.’
    • ‘He also cooks special dishes for catered events, but misses the challenge of intricate cooking since here the tandoori and Punjabi cuisine seems to be served everywhere.’
    • ‘She has now been able to introduce the Punjabi language from Class V onwards as part of the curriculum in Lahore Grammar School.’
    • ‘It is about the Kanishka air crash and story of a girl, ‘he says, revealing that he has six books in Punjabi poetry to his credit.’’
    • ‘With old favourites like Shubha Mudgal, Madangopal Singh and Punjabi singer Jasbir Jassi to the popular singer from the Cameroon, Prince Eyango, it promises to be an interesting day.’
    • ‘A compilation of highly charged rhythmical stormers, Harjeet's ‘Nach Punjaban’ is a mix of Punjabi folk and modern beats with a definite appeal for the young.’
    • ‘But having made his break by managing to make the most successful Punjabi film ever - and a National Award winner at that - Manoj is now ready to make a splash in Bollywood.’

Pronunciation:

Punjabi

/pʌnˈdʒɑːbi/