One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1usually postpositive (of an official or feudal lord) having local authority that elsewhere belongs only to a sovereign.
- ‘In Chester the palatine earl had a master serjeant of the Peace.’
- ‘An example of a palatine earl was William fitz Osbern, who was made earl of Hereford in 1066 or 1067.’
- ‘The earls and bishops palatine were powerful men, but subjects they remained.’
- 1.1 (of a territory) subject to palatine authority.
- ‘Speeding down the M6, we entered the county palatine of Lancashire.’
- ‘It also undertakes various administrative duties associated with the area of the historical County Palatine of Lancaster.’
- ‘The county of Cornwall, although not normally reckoned a palatine county, has a similar status to Lancashire.’
Late Middle English: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatinus ‘of the palace’.
Relating to the palate or the palatine bone.
- ‘The blood supply of the palate is provided anteriorly through the incisor foramen and posteriorly through the great palatine foramen where the great palatine artery emerges.’
- ‘The two tonsillar pillars define the palatine tonsils anteriorly and posteriorly.’
- ‘The lingual artery may provide the following unusual branches: the superior laryngeal, the submental, and the ascending palatine arteries.’
- ‘Figure 3 shows the needle penetrating the tissue of the palatine tonsil in an attempt to drain an abscess.’
- ‘Symptoms of strep throat may include pharyngeal erythema and swelling, tonsillar exudate, edematous uvula, palatine petechiae, and anterior cervical lymphadenopathy.’
Each of two bones within the skull forming parts of the eye socket, the nasal cavity, and the hard palate.
- ‘The palatines are dermal bones in the mid-palate.’
- ‘The three distinct tonsillar masses include the palatine, lingual, and pharyngeal (clinically, the adenoids), which form an incomplete ring around the entrance to the throat.’
- ‘No vomers or palatines are preserved in any phlegethontiid.’
- ‘Posteriorly, the palatine continues this shelf and restricts the maxilla to a more lateral position.’
- ‘The palatines lie between the suborbital fenestrae, with the anterior palatine processes forming a short V-shaped wedge.’
Mid 17th century: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatum ‘palate’.
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