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1usually postpositive (of an official or feudal lord) having local authority that elsewhere belongs only to a sovereign.
- ‘In Chester the palatine earl had a master serjeant of the Peace.’
- ‘An example of a palatine earl was William fitz Osbern, who was made earl of Hereford in 1066 or 1067.’
- ‘The earls and bishops palatine were powerful men, but subjects they remained.’
- 1.1 (of a territory) subject to palatine authority.
- ‘The county of Cornwall, although not normally reckoned a palatine county, has a similar status to Lancashire.’
- ‘It also undertakes various administrative duties associated with the area of the historical County Palatine of Lancaster.’
- ‘Speeding down the M6, we entered the county palatine of Lancashire.’
Late Middle English: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatinus ‘of the palace’.
Relating to the palate or the palatine bone.
- ‘The blood supply of the palate is provided anteriorly through the incisor foramen and posteriorly through the great palatine foramen where the great palatine artery emerges.’
- ‘Figure 3 shows the needle penetrating the tissue of the palatine tonsil in an attempt to drain an abscess.’
- ‘Symptoms of strep throat may include pharyngeal erythema and swelling, tonsillar exudate, edematous uvula, palatine petechiae, and anterior cervical lymphadenopathy.’
- ‘The two tonsillar pillars define the palatine tonsils anteriorly and posteriorly.’
- ‘The lingual artery may provide the following unusual branches: the superior laryngeal, the submental, and the ascending palatine arteries.’
Each of two bones within the skull forming parts of the eye socket, the nasal cavity, and the hard palate.
- ‘The palatines are dermal bones in the mid-palate.’
- ‘No vomers or palatines are preserved in any phlegethontiid.’
- ‘The palatines lie between the suborbital fenestrae, with the anterior palatine processes forming a short V-shaped wedge.’
- ‘The three distinct tonsillar masses include the palatine, lingual, and pharyngeal (clinically, the adenoids), which form an incomplete ring around the entrance to the throat.’
- ‘Posteriorly, the palatine continues this shelf and restricts the maxilla to a more lateral position.’
Mid 17th century: from French palatin(e), from Latin palatum ‘palate’.
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