Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4PEN5

pen1

noun

  • 1An instrument for writing or drawing with ink, typically consisting of a metal nib or ball, or a nylon tip, fitted into a metal or plastic holder.

    • ‘They range from toy cellphones, chocolates, biscuits and drawing pens to colourful clothes.’
    • ‘She was ready to enter the world and make her mark on it with the long, sweeping strokes of a pen, that sacred instrument forbidden to women.’
    • ‘It's just some crazy guy with a laptop, a cellphone, a stack of blank business cards and some drawing pens.’
    • ‘There was a very large bed, a sturdy, metal writing desk and some pens and pencils were on top of the desk.’
    • ‘And most of them, once they get there, will continue to feed their habit using shared smuggled equipment or crude syringes made from biro pens, an old needle and an elastic band.’
    • ‘And this time, instead of taking only his pen and drawing pad, he took the TV cameras too.’
    • ‘The desk was a little dusty in places and it housed a stationery holder containing three pens and a pencil, there were also several documents strewn across the desk.’
    • ‘The first giveaway is a package of six ball point pens.’
    • ‘Future projects include continuing a series of line drawings using pens with increasingly finer and finer nibs.’
    • ‘He uses a metal pen with a faceted diamond point on one end to etch into the datolite's surface, tracing over his original pencil drawing.’
    • ‘Her first class of the day was, of course, a pen & ink drawing class.’
    • ‘Writing was done with nibs fitted into a pen holder.’
    • ‘Metallic pens come in precious metal and jewel colors and add a special sparkle, especially to dark paper.’
    • ‘Plastic waste could be recycled and used to make plastic pens, and plastic twine.’
    • ‘Can't remember the last time I took up my drawing pen, far less a brush.’
    • ‘My son gave me a very thoughtful gift, a brand new fountain pen and a lovely ball pen, for jotting, he said.’
    • ‘These include a cuddly toy, a ball, pens, pencils and paper, a toothbrush and toothpaste.’
    • ‘He suddenly bent down and took out two blue ball point pens.’
    • ‘These shoeboxes are made up of small gifts such as dolls, Lego models, pencils, pens, writing and drawing paper and sweets.’
    • ‘His pastel drawings feel loose, reworked and found, and his pen and pencil drawings are precise and fresh.’
    1. 1.1the pen The occupation of writing.
      ‘she was forced to support herself by the pen’
      • ‘Some successful tenders have simply repeated the words of the customer's tender specification as though they had come from the pen of the researcher.’
      • ‘For an occasion like the 50th anniversary of the death of Thomas Mann, the publisher himself, takes up the pen.’
      • ‘The essence of his theory is that, once the word has left the author's pen, the author has no control over its meaning.’
      • ‘This soft-focus account might have grated coming from another pen, but it is impossible to begrudge a man who writes with such good humour and who knows only too well that he has fallen on his feet.’
      • ‘In more recent times, the power of the pen has taken a backseat and the new generation has become more used to the telephone.’
      • ‘It is expected that another publication will be coming from the pen of the author in the next few months.’
      • ‘He bridles, reeling off a list of generals who have wielded the pen as deftly as the swagger stick.’
      • ‘For me, the ride had me weeping for joy as it does when I read it from the author's pen.’
      • ‘This is when she took to the pen - mainly to supplement family income.’
      • ‘These advantages were defended with corresponding vehemence, and less by the pen than by action.’
      • ‘They all seem to be ruled by the Accountant's pen and the bottom line nowadays.’
      • ‘Rather, every moment of life requires a new stroke of the author's pen.’
      • ‘The author behind the creativity, the master of the pen, with that first press of ink on paper the original creation of a work is born.’
    2. 1.2 An electronic pen-like device used in conjunction with a writing surface to enter commands or data into a computer.
      • ‘Of course, the variable widths only work in conjunction with a pressure-sensitive pen and digital tablet.’
      • ‘A touch tablet is operated by a pen and functions as an input device.’
      • ‘His essay covers much of the history of pen computing software and hardware from ten years ago up to now.’
      • ‘The electronic pen, like an ordinary pen, writes on paper but also digitally records information that is written down.’
      • ‘Image capture is a generic device for USB - why bother tightly binding the pen to the computer?’
      • ‘Lifting the computer pen, she began to work on the problems the desk supplied.’
      • ‘We didn't replace our desktops and notebooks with pen computers, but we added a new type of little computer to our lives.’
      • ‘Users will input data using a pen like device writing on a pressure sensitive tablet.’
      • ‘The desk contained her computer, pens and pencils, and post-it notes, reminding her to do things.’
      • ‘The pen records every stroke of the pen digitally.’
      • ‘When you wrote on the pad with a special pen, your scribbles appeared on the computer display.’
      • ‘A yellow cradle for storing the digital pen is cleverly built into the upper-right corner of the keyboard.’
      • ‘You get the unit itself, a carrying sleeve, a power cord, an AC adapter, desktop stand, digital pen and a docking cable.’
      • ‘You can also use a digital pen to select, drag and double click objects on the screen.’
      • ‘This was a company that wanted to produce the first handheld computer that would be entirely operated by a pen device.’
      • ‘Next, install the 6MB Mobile Desktop that is stored on your pen storage device.’
      • ‘A mobile phone that had accessories including a camera, a small built-in computer and a magnetic pen, lay inside a Kakhi small bag tied to his left leg.’
      • ‘There are even some directly parallel devices in both ranges; for example, a wrist-watch like device for reading messages off, and a bluetooth pen.’
      • ‘The pen for writing and telephoning is kept in the side of the bracket and features a built-in microphone and speaker.’
      • ‘Equipment that is rarely cleaned, such as pens, charts and computer keyboards, may also be a source of contamination.’
  • 2Zoology
    The tapering cartilaginous internal shell of a squid.

    • ‘Once inside, students cut out the squid's lungs, stomach, ink sac, and pen.’
    • ‘It has no backbone, but rather a quill-like pen located beneath its mantle, or body.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Write or compose.

    ‘Olivia penned award-winning poetry’
    • ‘But as any screenplay handbook will tell you, writing for motion pictures is not about penning lines of dialogue; it is about fashioning a narrative and constructing an event.’
    • ‘So, I've just penned a note for each of the flats in the block requesting that the borrower return it.’
    • ‘He has a penchant for writing and has penned a few hundred poems.’
    • ‘Say you love rhymes and think you'd like to pen some poetry.’
    • ‘Journalists love the dynasty story for the meat, colour and the opportunity to pen clever lines that it provides.’
    • ‘Proclaiming he wants to be a screenwriter too, Donald starts to pen the kind of formulaic thriller that runs against the very principles Charlie's work is built on.’
    • ‘It's a stormy and wet December start as I pen these notes.’
    • ‘It takes a lot more than inspiration to pen these lines.’
    • ‘Of course, no one used it on him until one of our columnists wrote asking him to pen a testimonial for a new book jacket.’
    • ‘And you dare not write off people who pen moaning letters to parish newsletters or local papers as cantankerous curmudgeons.’

Phrases

  • pen and ink

    • rhyming slang A stink.

  • the pen is mightier than the sword

    • proverb Writing is more effective than military power or violence.

      • ‘They say that the pen is mightier than the sword and he has certainly proved the veracity of that old adage.’
      • ‘Maybe they have come to realise that the pen is mightier than the sword.’
      • ‘Many raised black pens to the sky, visually evoking the adage that the pen is mightier than the sword.’
      • ‘I use the pen because the pen is mightier than the sword.’
      • ‘Everyone says that books can change the world, that the pen is mightier than the sword.’
      • ‘If the pen is mightier than the sword, then the spoken word is stronger still.’
      • ‘So, I apologize for the lack of graphics, but the pen is mightier than the sword.’
      • ‘Without putting too fine a point on it, Orwell gave life to the cliché that the pen is mightier than the sword, using mere words to fight oppression and cruelty wherever he might find it.’
      • ‘As a past campaigner, I advise them that the pen is mightier than the sword.’
      • ‘‘As the pen is mightier than the sword, it also carries the responsibility to use it wisely,’ concluded the organization's statement.’
  • put (or set) pen to paper

    • Write or begin to write something.

      • ‘My opinions are expressed herewith, and I feel sure many other people will see fit to put pen to paper and write to you in the same vein.’
      • ‘I put pen to paper and just wrote, not caring that it was, or what relevance it had to me.’
      • ‘People who just a few years ago would never have dreamed of putting pen to paper to write a letter to the editor now think nothing of turning to the keyboard and firing off an e-mail about some current event or the day's lead editorial.’
      • ‘As it is exactly 40 years ago I began my working life there, I was motivated to put pen to paper.’
      • ‘Well, I delayed putting pen to paper yesterday because I wanted to calm down properly before writing anything.’
      • ‘And young people are being urged to put pen to paper to write about how the road will affect the town's future.’
      • ‘I have always enjoyed putting pen to paper but was beginning to wonder if letter writing was a dying art.’
      • ‘Now, by saying that I mean that it sounds like whoever wrote the dialog at least watched some war movies before putting pen to paper.’
      • ‘Come on folks, put pen to paper, write to the town hall, the mayor, the leader of the council, the local paper, stand up and be counted.’
      • ‘Suddenly, just as he began to put pen to paper, a deafening alarm sounded.’

Origin

Middle English (originally denoting a feather with a sharpened quill): from Old French penne, from Latin penna ‘feather’ (in late Latin ‘pen’).

Pronunciation

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4PEN5

pen2

noun

  • 1A small enclosure in which sheep, pigs, or other farm animals are kept.

    ‘a sheep pen’
    • ‘We've also converted pig and sheep pens into extra living space so when friends come they have their own kitchen, bathroom and bedrooms.’
    • ‘The sheep pens are on display and all strawed up, but will remain empty for two days whilst the show goes on around.’
    • ‘Markets usually took place in the main streets where traders erected their stalls or pens for animals or other livestock.’
    • ‘Along with the original small red house, the farm now has two barns, a sheep pen, and several sheds.’
    • ‘Outside was a sheep pen and a weathered orange taxi.’
    • ‘The large livestock pens make provision for 850 cattle while the small stock pens can keep 500 sheep and goat.’
    • ‘Sheep are most commonly housed in bedded pens with a manure pack.’
    • ‘Designed as a giant sheep pen for agricultural shows, the room has a slanted floor for, well, better drainage.’
    • ‘The shepherds pound the ground with their staffs and curse the sheep as they corral them into makeshift pens.’
    • ‘His sources range from sidewalks and commercial buildings in town to barns, machine sheds, and livestock pens on farms.’
    • ‘The auctioneer stepped up onto the gangway above the sheep pens, briefly registered the small crowd of burly men in padded waistcoats and tweed hats and cleared his throat.’
    • ‘Additionally, sheep pens should be constructed on well-drained soils to avoid water-logging.’
    • ‘Small banked and walled enclosures are associated with some of the houses, perhaps pens for animal husbandry.’
    • ‘Then he moved on to sniff around the sheep where the lambing pen had been.’
    • ‘If wool is so important to this country, then prize sheep should not be corralled in pens too small to allow them to turn around.’
    • ‘Indoor exhibits were carefully carried into school and the immaculately groomed sheep unloaded into pens.’
    • ‘Feed bunks were located within each of the free stall housing pens.’
    • ‘He was looking out his window, from which he could see the sheep pen perfectly.’
    • ‘Local sheep farmers this year put in a special effort putting down pens and selling their sheep in the traditional way.’
    • ‘The trick was to move the gate into the pen scattering the sheep and then quickly bringing the gate back to only let a couple out.’
    enclosure, fold, sheepfold, pound, compound, paddock, stockade, sty, coop, cage, stall, lock-up
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A number of animals in or sufficient to fill a pen.
      ‘a pen of twenty-five Cheviots’
      • ‘Here's a pen of pigs from the local diary farm.’
      • ‘Working-class immigrants, imbued with the dream of three acres and a cow, settled for a quarter-acre suburban block and a pen of chooks.’
      • ‘In one scene she doubles for the actress when she parachutes into a pen of pigs.’
      • ‘A pen of five lambs, averaging 50 kg was sold for €84.’
      • ‘Research teams were then randomly assigned to a pen of birds.’
      • ‘Best price of the day went to the man from Lockton for a pen of hoggs at 121p/kilo.’
      • ‘Mr. Kidd also paid the second highest price E124 for a pen of ten lambs.’
      • ‘Depends on the draw of sheep too, if you get a good pen of sheep, makes a difference.’
      • ‘One of the horses was rescued from a pen of horses bound for slaughter at the New Holland Sales in Pennsylvania.’
      • ‘A record price on a pen of three ewe lambs was set at $260 per head.’
      • ‘He was helping The Boss put a pen of cattle through the scales before they were trucked out so that they could take out the ones that didn't make the contracted weight.’
      • ‘She was in charge of a pen of six monkeys, and they took one piece of apparatus each.’
      • ‘Molly gave a glance to a pen of puppies at his feet, there were five.’
    2. 1.2 Any small enclosure in which someone or something can be confined.
      ‘she took the baby out of the pen and played with it’
      • ‘Each prisoner remained in his cell at all times, save for a brief daily exercise period held in an individual pen adjoining each cell.’
      • ‘Pigs are confined to pens so small they can hardly move.’
      • ‘You may want to purchase some special items such as a dog carrier, a collar and leash, and perhaps a pen when confinement is necessary.’
      • ‘Babies play in little pens or in safely confined areas on a blanket on the floor.’
      • ‘Today most pigs are kept in confined pens, fed a strict diet, and are slaughtered before their eighth month.’
    3. 1.3 A covered dock for a submarine or other warship.
      ‘U-boat pens’
      • ‘Massive submarine pens were built near Bordeaux and the impact they had can be seen from the following figures.’
      • ‘The attacks by day and night utterly destroyed the towns surrounding the submarine pens but did virtually no damage to the targets themselves.’
      • ‘His main aim was a breakthrough to the coast of Belgium so that German submarine pens could be destroyed.’
      • ‘The Allies could now bomb factories and submarine pens with great frequency and accuracy.’
      • ‘Sometimes he was right, as in his denunciation of the pointless attacks on the concrete-reinforced U-boat pens on the French coast.’
  • 2(in the West Indies) a farm or plantation.

    • ‘My own grandfather suffered his debilitating stroke on horseback out at the pens behind the old ranch house.’
    • ‘That year, 21 birds were released from holding pens at the Harewood estate near Leeds, and a further 19 the following year.’
    • ‘Pigeon races should be rerouted to avoid falcons and simple techniques for scaring or discouraging raptors at pigeon lofts and pheasant pens should be investigated.’
    • ‘The club also built a new pheasant pen during the summer and it was used to release birds later.’
    • ‘A view bench is by an acreage of pheasant pens; structures made of netting, awaiting the season's cannon fodder.’
    • ‘After searching the outbuildings, including the pheasant pens, he and his son moved to land at the back of the farm.’
    • ‘Track swings uphill by pheasant pens, 200 yards, left at T-junction to forest track, right fork at Y - junction and continue uphill.’
    • ‘Those are pheasant pens in the background behind the plough.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Put or keep (an animal) in a pen.

    ‘it was the practice to pen the sheep for clipping’
    ‘these cattle need to be penned in at night’
    • ‘Now the goats weren't penned at the time but we figured with the two of us it would be no problem to grab them.’
    • ‘To one side along the palisade stood crofts which held penned goats, cattle, and a few sheep.’
    • ‘Tess made a little outrun and brought the ducks to a small wire pen and penned them.’
    • ‘The animals will be penned so that people can pat them and speak to Santa before a final high street parade at 1.45 pm.’
    • ‘We were driving about 140 head of horses down this right of way, to pen them.’
    confine, enclose, impound, shut in, fence in
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1pen someone up/in Confine someone in a restricted space.
      ‘they had been penned up day and night in the house’
      • ‘But that denies then your nature as Canadians, like saying it's because you have laws that pen you in.’
      • ‘They also claim they are penned in by the almost impossible requirement that they prove an officer had the specific intent to kill or injure a victim in order to get a conviction.’
      • ‘At least 20 protesters were injured, two seriously, after being penned into an enclosed area.’
      • ‘Police ordered the picketers to stay on the sidewalk, set up wooden barricades to pen them in and told strikers to extinguish the fires in oil drums they lit to stay warm.’
      • ‘There, unable to avoid the blows because they were penned in by the trap, the enemy would be crushed under the maces of the battlemothers.’
      • ‘Scotland Yard said about 200 to 300 protesters were still in the Oxford Circus area, where they had been penned in by riot police for about seven hours.’
      • ‘She felt a presence all around her, as if she was being watched, being penned in, being trapped.’
      • ‘Not that he was uncomfortable being without a shirt, it was just the fact that he had three females staring down at him, almost as if they were penning him in.’
      • ‘Some paced back and forth as if they were penned in with no way out.’
      • ‘It is going to be very difficult for us and we will be penned in for periods.’
      confine, enclose, impound, shut up, pen, pen in, pen up, fence in, hedge in
      confine, enclose, impound, pen, pen in, pen up, fence in, hedge in
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English penn, of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4PEN5

pen3

noun

  • A female swan.

    • ‘There are ducks and cranes, and every few miles a cob and pen circle as only swans can in their own territory.’
    • ‘In early May, the pen, or female swan, lays from 3-9 dull white eggs which measure 4 1/2 inches in length and weigh about 12 ounces.’
    • ‘The pen, or female swan, was visible on the nest, but there was no sign of her paramour.’
    • ‘The two swans (a pen and a cob) have since brought seven baby cygnets into the world.’
    • ‘he male mute swan, known as the cob, fiercely defends the territory that he and his mate, the pen, share.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4PEN5

pen4

noun

North American
informal
  • ‘you could get twenty years in a federal pen for shooting your mouth off like that’
    short for penitentiary (sense 1)
    • ‘You know, they bury guys alive out at the federal pen for stuff like that.’
    • ‘Two years later, she pleaded guilty to conspiracy to defraud and was sentenced to nine months in the federal pen.’
    • ‘It matters, but you really want to go to the heavy federal pen if you want street credibility.’
    • ‘"The po-lice threw me in the pen for shooting a man," he explained.’

Pronunciation

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4PEN5

PEN5

  • 1International Association of Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists.

  • 2Peruvian nuevo sol(es).