Definition of Oscan in English:

Oscan

noun

  • [mass noun] An extinct Italic language of southern Italy, related to Umbrian and surviving in inscriptions mainly of the 4th to 1st centuries bc.

    • ‘The Oscan speakers adopted the Etruscan alphabet to write their language.’
    • ‘The Romans, with seven cases, began their expansionist career by defeating speakers of other Italic languages, such as Faliscan, Oscan, and Umbrian, all of which had the same or fewer cases.’
    • ‘Oscan is an extinct language used in central and southern Italy from around 400 BCE to 79 CE.’
    • ‘Oscan is believed to have been spoken in Samnium, Campania, Lucania and Abruzzo in southern Italy.’
    • ‘In Pompeii, destroyed in 79 C.E., many of the street signs and graffiti are in Oscan, a language related to Latin but quite distinct from it.’

adjective

  • Relating to Oscan.

    • ‘The Oscan speakers adopted the Etruscan alphabet to write their language.’
    • ‘His cult is one of the most ancient of Romans, probably derived from Etruscan or Oscan influences.’

Origin

Late 16th century: from Latin Oscus Oscan + -an.

Pronunciation:

Oscan

/ˈɒsk(ə)n/