Definition of Orthoptera in English:


plural noun

  • 1An order of insects that comprises the grasshoppers, crickets, and their relatives. They have a saddle-shaped thorax, hind legs that are typically long and modified for jumping, and a characteristic song which the male produces by stridulation.

    • ‘In insects the Orthoptera (especially grasshoppers), and in crustaceans the Decapoda (especially caridean shrimps), Stomatopoda (mantis shrimps) and calanoid Copepoda, are the only groups to far exceed a typically small range.’
    • ‘It affects only insects of the group Orthoptera, like grasshoppers and locusts, and not honey bees, beetles, or other potentially beneficial species.’
    • ‘Other orders (e.g. Orthoptera; grasshoppers) became very abundant and some appeared for the first time in the Permian.’
    • ‘The polymorphism is common in many insect groups, most notably the Hemiptera / Homoptera (waterstriders, planthoppers and aphids), Coleoptera and, Orthoptera (crickets and grasshoppers).’
    • ‘Their main insect prey include: Orthoptera (grasshoppers and relatives), Hymenoptera (they eat ants only within this group), Coleoptera and larval Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths).’
    1. 1.1 Insects of the order "Orthoptera"
      ‘the wings of living orthoptera’
      • ‘We gauged prey size relative to the width of the parent's bill and categorized prey as < 0.6 cm (S = small), 1 cm (M = medium), 2 cm or larger (L = large, usually large orthoptera or large lepidopteran larvae), or none, seed, or bread.’


Modern Latin (plural), from ortho- ‘straight’ + Greek pteros ‘wing’.