Definition of Old Norse in English:

Old Norse

noun

mass noun
  • The North Germanic language of medieval Norway, Iceland, Denmark, and Sweden up to the 14th century, from which the modern Scandinavian languages are derived.

    See also Old Icelandic
    • ‘Norwegian literature begins with the Sagas and Eddas of the medieval Vikings, written in the language of Old Norse and found mainly in Icelandic texts.’
    • ‘That's to say, as part of my usual workload at Victoria University of Wellington I was teaching a second-year course in creative writing and a fourth-year course in Old Norse language and literature.’
    • ‘Members of the Yorkshire Ridings Society made their declarations in four locations and in four languages - Latin, Old English, Old Norse and Modern English.’
    • ‘The declaration, in Latin, Old English, Old Norse and modern English, is read to the West Riding, North Riding, City of York and East Riding in turn.’
    • ‘The Vikings spoke Old Norse, tackled Old English as adults, and never learned it completely.’
    • ‘There were also the vernaculars such as Irish, Old English, Old Norse, Frisian, Old Saxon, Old High German, Hebrew, and the Slav languages, and in the east a host more such as Greek, Coptic, Arabic, Syriac, Armenian, and Aramaic.’
    • ‘Viking rule left significant traces in the English language; the similarity of Old English and Old Norse led to much borrowing.’
    • ‘Old English and Old Norse were related and to some extent mutually intelligible.’
    • ‘Since the Vikings came from different parts of Scandinavia they all used their own dialect of Old Norse although the basic language was the same (much like modern English, American and Australian).’
    • ‘The vast majority of the words used in Yorkshire dialect today are derived from Old Norse (the language of the Vikings) and Old English (Anglo-Saxon).’
    • ‘Thereafter though Scotland was immersed in a Babel of languages, including Gaelic, Welsh, Anglo - Saxon, Old Norse and Old French.’
    • ‘The first problem in dealing with the subject of Huscarls is to decide whether you are looking at the traditional meaning of the word in Old Norse, or whether you are talking about the English military term.’
    • ‘Drawn early in life to the ancient sagas of Northern Europe, Tolkien mastered their difficult tongues: Icelandic, Old Norse, Gothic and Finnish, among several others.’
    • ‘The word ‘rune’ derives from the Old Norse and Old English run which means ‘mystery.’’
    • ‘The author of The Dictionary of Word origins has traced its roots to Latin, Old Norse and prehistoric Germanic words.’
    • ‘The language spoken by the invaders is known as Old Norse (from which modern Danish, Swedish, etc. have descended), and was similar to Old English in many ways, being also a Germanic language.’
    • ‘Although the Vikings shared many customs (way of life, treatment of women, respect for elders), a common religion, and a language called Old Norse, they were not a unified nation.’
    • ‘So what I was speaking was Old Norse, Old English, and Romany from Indian; with ordinary English, received English at school; which itself was full of French-derived words, Latin-derived words.’
    • ‘The Old Norse word vikingar is exclusively applied to men, usually those who sailed from Scandinavia in groups to engage in the activities of raiding and trading in Britain, Europe and the East.’
    • ‘However after a brief first examination, John Hines, a specialist in Medieval archaeology, Old English and Old Norse at Cardiff University, is confident the marks are Latin letters.’

Pronunciation

Old Norse