Definition of Occitan in English:

Occitan

noun

  • [mass noun] The medieval or modern language of Languedoc, including literary Provençal of the 12th–14th centuries.

    • ‘He's not only brilliant in law, he's an expert in historical research and has a huge library of medieval texts, even some in Old English and Occitan.’
    • ‘The names I have used are from Occitan, the language of that time and period.’
    • ‘In origin, Occitan is a Romance language, evolving from Latin with some influences of pre-Roman languages - Celtic and others.’
    • ‘Several million people in Languedoc spoke variants of Occitan; Flemish was spoken in the north-east; German in Lorraine.’
    • ‘In roughly the southern third of the country, the common people spoke dialects of Occitan, a Romance language distinct from French.’
    • ‘The article reports that in recent years greater tolerance has allowed for more teaching of Occitan, Basque, Corsican and Alsation in France's schools.’
    • ‘The Languedoc takes its name from a time when its inhabitants spoke Occitan, the language in which oc is the word for ‘yes’, hence langue d' oc.’

adjective

  • Relating to Occitan.

    • ‘The inhabitants of the valley have their own language: Aranese, a variant of Gascon, one of the Occitan family of languages.’
    • ‘Another Occitan slogan everyone would have heard in the '70s was ‘gardarem lo Larzac’: ‘we will keep the Larzac’.’
    • ‘The people are warm and welcoming with a deep awareness of the past and great pride in the richness of their Occitan culture.’
    • ‘Maybe this Occitan movement is militant, I think, like the Spanish ETA or the IRA, or perhaps the council orders a siesta at a certain time of day.’
    • ‘These chapters exemplify a recent shift in Occitan scholarship away from the analysis of individual songs.’
    • ‘Catalan broadcasts reach into the linguistically-related Occitan areas of France, and Galician can be heard in northern Portugal.’

Origin

French (see also langue d'oc).

Pronunciation:

Occitan

/ˈɒksɪt(ə)n/