Definition of New Caledonia in English:

New Caledonia

proper noun

  • An island in the South Pacific, east of Australia; population 227,400 (est. 2009); capital, Nouméa. Since 1946 the island has formed, with its dependencies, a French overseas territory; the French annexed the island in 1853.

Origin

Named, by Captain Cook in 1774, after the Roman name Caledonia Scotland.