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[mass noun] Chronic poisoning by alkyl mercury compounds from industrial waste, characterized by (usually permanent) impairment of brain functions such as speech, sight, and muscular coordination.
- ‘Toxicity via the food chain has been observed with organic mercury, as in Minamata disease.’
- ‘In chapter 9, fetal Minamata disease is examined, and the effects of intrauterine methyl mercury are described.’
- ‘Thus in many ways Japan has become the canary in the coal mine for the developed world, as witness Minamata disease.’
- ‘The author compares the first two of the three responses to the Minamata disease.’
1950s: named after Minamata, a town in Japan.
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The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.