Definition of Middle Ages in English:

Middle Ages

plural noun

  • The period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West (5th century) to the fall of Constantinople (1453), or, more narrowly, from c.1000 to 1453.

    • ‘For me, the ancient Greeks and Romans, the high Middle Ages and even the Tudors passed in a blur of boredom.’
    • ‘During the Middle Ages, missionary enterprise was to some extent replaced by crusades.’
    • ‘In the Middle Ages, wildly anachronistic tales of his exploits in Rome were in circulation.’
    • ‘The European climate in the Middle Ages was two degrees hotter than it is now.’
    • ‘Whenever a king in the Middle Ages was toppled, an impostor would pop up somewhere claiming to be him.’
    • ‘The most ambitious crusading expedition of the later Middle Ages had ended in humiliating failure.’
    • ‘It was founded high on a series of hills by prosperous Saxon merchants in the Middle Ages.’
    • ‘Alfred is still considered quintessential as a ruler of the Middle Ages.’
    • ‘From the late Middle Ages onwards, one plot in particular dominated these tales in Europe.’
    • ‘As a result it has had no influence on other European authors of the Middle Ages.’
    • ‘At one time it was thought that the immense majority of European peasants of the Middle Ages were legally unfree.’
    • ‘Numerous imperial and royal palaces survived into the early Middle Ages and were restored or rebuilt.’
    • ‘In this short series he set out to rescue the Middle Ages from the clichés of knights, damsels and monks.’
    • ‘If one thing symbolized political and military power in the Middle Ages it was the castle.’
    • ‘The size of the cemetery itself also reflects the commercial exploitation of death in the Middle Ages.’
    • ‘In Roman times Britain had as many people as at its peak in the Middle Ages.’
    • ‘This genre flaunts a cosmology that would have been entirely understood by anyone from the late Middle Ages.’
    • ‘During the Middle Ages in the west, the Roman legal system was in power in the Eastern Roman Empire.’
    • ‘By the close of the Middle Ages, there were likely public warehouses here.’
    • ‘Medical knowledge in the Middle Ages must have appeared to have stood still.’

The earlier part of the period (c.500–c.1100) is sometimes distinguished as the Dark Ages, while the later part (c.1100–1453) is often thought of as the Middle Ages proper. The whole period is characterized by the emergence of separate kingdoms, the growth of trade and urban life, and the growth in power of monarchies and the Church. The growth of interest in classical models within art and scholarship in the 15th century is seen as marking the transition to the Renaissance period and the end of the Middle Ages


Middle Ages