Main definitions of maya in English

: maya1Maya2

maya1

noun

mass nounHinduism
  • 1The supernatural power wielded by gods and demons.

    • ‘And these demons were so expert with maya, they would create darkness, expand into various forms etc.’
    1. 1.1Buddhism The power by which the universe becomes manifest; the illusion or appearance of the phenomenal world.
      • ‘The latter symbolizes that egoistic force of maya (the everyday world) which deludes individuals and keeps them from knowing their innate nature as god.’
      • ‘As one example, the Agamic tradition does not regard the physical and spiritual worlds as mere maya or illusion, but rather considers them sacred creation, the visible form of the Supreme God.’
      • ‘Sure, there is maya, there is illusion, but again all of that is created through our filters and shields of denials that we often choose to hide behind!’
      • ‘Each individual has to burn out his own karma and escape from the chains of maya, reincarnation, and all that.’
      • ‘God created soul and maya (the world) with His Divine Power and then it is controlled by His Command.’

Origin

From Sanskrit māyā, from mā ‘create’.

Pronunciation

maya

/ˈmɑːjə/

Main definitions of maya in English

: maya1Maya2

Maya2

Pronunciation /ˈmeɪ(j)ə//ˈmʌɪ(j)ə/

noun

  • 1A member of an American Indian people of Yucatán and elsewhere in Central America.

    • ‘The heirs to the Incas and the Mayas, and those of the myriad other Indian nations that peopled the continent in the pre-Columbus era, have a long tradition of resistance.’
    • ‘They have a description of Hurakan's role in the creation epics of the Mayas.’
    • ‘The dark-haired, dark-eyed Mexican was as tough as those Mayas in his home country he spoke so much about.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, by the 1970s it was increasingly difficult for Mayas to continue their mixed subsistence economy, living off the land through horticulture, hunting, and selling of natural resources such as honey and chicle.’
    • ‘Some civilizations, most notably the ancient Greeks and the Maya, firmly resisted empire, finding their main expression as systems of warring city-states.’
    • ‘Highly developed cultures, including those of the Olmecs, Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs existed long before the Spanish conquest.’
    • ‘Conversely, the Mayas, being well advanced in the study of solar astronomy, are said to have been much less vulnerable than earlier European peoples to the appearance of solar eclipses.’
    • ‘I think my love for mathematics may have come from the Mayas, one of the first civilizations to deeply understand mathematics and astronomy.’
    • ‘They gave bangles for African slaves, opium for the silver of China and beads for the gold of the Incas and Mayas of South America.’
    • ‘Much better represented in scholarly literature and the popular imagination would be the Aztecs and Mayas of Mexico and the Incas of Peru.’
    • ‘This essay examines the shift from a mixed subsistence - based economy to a commercialized tourist-oriented economy from the perspective of indigenous Mayas in Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico.’
    • ‘In this respect and in their more southerly location they were different from the ancient Maya and the Aztecs, with whom it is natural to compare them.’
    • ‘It was in their time that a genocide of Mayas took place in Guatemala in the 1980s.’
    • ‘The corn breads of the Aztec and Maya, tortillas and tamales, remain highly visible in Mexico and the rest of what was Mesoamerica, and have become prominent in N. America too, and indeed internationally.’
    • ‘Inheritance depends on a witnessed written or oral testament of the deceased, and since many people die without indicating their preferences, family disputes after death are very common among both Mayas and Ladinos.’
    • ‘We note that ‘the ancient Mayas were passionate smokers and so were their gods.’’
    • ‘Although a few Mayas settle for steady work in better - paid industries such as construction or fishing, allowing them to support families and maybe even improve their lot, more commonly they flit from job to job in search of better work.’
    • ‘Between Mayas and Aztecs came the Toltecs, who incised five holes on their human-bone flutes.’
    • ‘In the short term, these state environmental policies have simultaneously hindered Mayas ' reliance on subsistence economies as well as their ability to profit commercially from tourist development.’
    • ‘The great civilisations of Central America - Toltecs, Aztecs and Mayas - were dangerously short of protein, with only the occasional big guinea pig for Sunday lunch.’
  • 2mass noun The language of the Maya, still spoken by about half a million people.

adjective

  • Relating to the Maya or their language.

    • ‘The tunnel led to a small building buried beneath a Maya pyramid.’
    • ‘It documented changes in subsistence patterns and the development of agriculture and village life which underpinned the rise of Olmec, Zapotec, and Maya civilizations.’
    • ‘He suggests that they indicate that the stone vessel may have originally contained a Maya codex, or ancient book.’
    • ‘Other Maya languages treat the comestible universe in roughly the same manner; and the phenomenon may also be observed in some other cultures.’
    • ‘The depiction of a ruler, together with the hieroglyphic inscription, suggests that it had a commemorative function, much like a Maya stele.’
    • ‘But the tomb also contained pottery from Tikal, a Maya city north of Copán, as well as pottery from Copán itself.’
    • ‘Explore the mysteries of a Maya ruin and a local indigenous village.’
    • ‘The ancient city of Naachtun is situated in the heart of the Maya region, just one kilometre south of the Mexican border, in far northern Guatemala.’
    • ‘The Maya pyramids of Yukatan were built of limestone.’
    • ‘Until now, the earliest leftovers of cocoa consumption were in residues from a Maya tomb in Guatemala from A.D. 460 to 480.’
    • ‘The modern Guatemalan population is largely descended from Maya ancestors.’
    • ‘Sometimes they flourished as city-state systems, as in early Sumeria, classical Greece, the Maya civilization, and medieval Europe.’
    • ‘Despite the apparently irregular urban configurations of most ancient cities of the Maya lowlands, at least some Maya centers seem to have been organized according to cruciform urban plans.’
    • ‘The mural was found at a Maya ceremonial site called San Bartolo, in Guatemala's Petén lowlands.’

Origin

The name in Maya.

Pronunciation

Maya

/ˈmeɪ(j)ə//ˈmʌɪ(j)ə/