Definition of Maratha in English:


(also Mahratta)


  • A member of the princely and military castes of the former Hindu kingdom of Maharashtra in central India. The Marathas rebelled against the Moguls and in 1674 established their own kingdom. They came to dominate southern and central India but were later subdued by the British.

    • ‘Gond groups that have been influenced by northern peoples such as Marathas, however, follow northern customs in determining marriage partners.’
    • ‘What better way to round off the celebrations than with a Maratha pageant to capture the valour of the great Marathas!’
    • ‘The British finally defeated the Marathas and established themselves in the Red Fort by early nineteenth century when the British resident became the de facto ruler of Delhi.’
    • ‘In the eighteenth century, many Rajput states came under control of Marathas and, by the early nineteenth century, the British.’
    • ‘After one of the wars, the victorious Marathas decided to honour a valiant British officer who died in action.’
    • ‘Zulfikar Ali Khan who persevered to overthrow the Marathas, was made the first Nawab of the Carnatic in 1690 with control over all the territories south of the Krishna.’
    • ‘It was fought against the Mahrattas, a formidable Hindu confederacy of warriors and marauders who dominated much of Central India.’
    • ‘It fails to record as to how and why the Marathas, Jats, Sikhs and others rose in revolt.’
    • ‘The Marathas built this in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the city still retains its ancient, ageless character.’
    • ‘His orthodoxy had alienated large sections of the population which were hitherto allied to or at peace with the Mughals, among these were the Marathas, the Sikhs and the Rajputs.’
    • ‘In the north, Bengalis, Kashmiris, Punjabis, Gujaratis, Rajputs, and Marathas are among the prominent groups.’
    • ‘He maintained cordial relations with the Moguls, the British, the Marathas and every power.’
    • ‘Hindu Marathas rise up and control another large section of India.’
    • ‘But Cornwallis hemmed him in by securing the military co-operation of the Nizam and the Marathas in 1792, and Wellesley cut short his experiments in 1799.’
    • ‘It was during his reign that the Hindu Marathas became active in the north-western Deccan (modern Maharashtra state) under their dynamic leader Shivaji.’
    • ‘The Marathas aside, the British were very nervous about Tipu's success and never ceased their complicity against him.’
    • ‘There is acute struggle for political, social and cultural supremacy between various castes in India and in Maharashtra particularly between the Brahmins and Marathas.’
    • ‘Yet, just 10 years later, the Marathas inflicted on the Britishers, what was probably the biggest defeat they ever faced in India.’
    • ‘The British were much more disciplined and organized than the Marathas, the people they finally conquered.’
    • ‘In the shrine of Lord Chandramouleeswarar, the tutelary deity of the Marathas, the priests intone the mantras as the lingam is bathed in milk, sandalwood paste and water.’


Via Hindi from Sanskrit Mahārāṣṭra ‘great kingdom’.