Definition of Lombard in English:



  • 1A member of a Germanic people who invaded Italy in the 6th century.

    • ‘Other modern states are said to have begun with the movements of the Lombards, the Anglo-Saxons and the Magyars.’
    • ‘Christianity had grown in influence even before the Lombards came to Italy, and by the end of the seventh century most Lombards were Catholics (perhaps with a tinge of syncretism in many cases).’
    • ‘The adoption of fusionist policies by Lombards and Venetians alike proved futile.’
    • ‘By 565, Roman Italy was invaded and overtaken by the Lombards.’
    • ‘Before he could return, the Lombards invaded Italy and he hastened to Rome at the request of the Pope.’
    • ‘He reorganized papal estates for Rome's supply, centralizing their administration through appointments, paid imperial troops, appointed officers, and negotiated with the Lombards.’
    • ‘The Lombards had moved into Italy in the later 500s, destroying what was left of the Gothic kingdom and establishing their own.’
    • ‘After the fall of Ancient Rome and the barbarian invasions, Genoa was occupied by the Lombards, a Germanic tribe, in 642.’
    • ‘The French urged the Lombards to wait, but they could not prevail.’
    • ‘The Lombards thought the city was under a major attack.’
    • ‘Across those Alps, in the 6th century, came a Germanic tribe called the Lombards.’
    • ‘In 568 the Lombards invaded, a people even more wantonly destructive than the Vandals.’
  • 2A native of Lombardy in northern Italy.

  • 3[mass noun] The Italian dialect of Lombardy.


  • Relating to Lombardy, or to the Lombards or their language.

    • ‘What happened to the Romans under Lombard rule?’
    • ‘Upon learning of the Lombard expedition, he set out almost at once, crossing the Bosporus on 24 June and setting out in pursuit.’
    • ‘Until recently the lender, based in the Lombard city of Lodi, was notable only for its acquisitions of much smaller players.’
    • ‘The focus of this opera, however, is Bertarido, the exiled Lombard king.’
    • ‘Beltrami's research on Leonardo's Lombard career went hand in hand with his reconstruction and restoration of Leonardo-related architectural sites.’
    • ‘This enraged the Lombard king, Desiderius, who immediately began conspiring to harm Charles however he might.’
    • ‘On Friday, with suitable fanfare, the 29th Alpine World Ski Championships will open in the small Lombard town of Bormio, and over the following fortnight, anybody with a passing interest in ski racing will be in for a treat.’
    • ‘Even Ostrogoth and Lombard kings, their barbarian ways tamed by the people they were supposed to have conquered, built houses in Bellagio.’
    • ‘Thus there were peasant uprisings throughout the Lombard plains over the summer of 1796, some of them resulting in massacres of isolated French units.’


From Italian lombardo, representing late Latin Langobardus, of Germanic origin, from the base of long + the ethnic name Bardi.